Personal Wellness Midterm Review

Personal Wellness Midterm Review - Personal Wellness...

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Personal Wellness Midterm Review Name: Delonta Holmes Teacher: Gail Brook Arthur Class: Personal Wellness Date: Questions/Main Ideas: Notes Addiction Addiction – continued involvement with a substance or activity despite ongoing negative consequences Addiction is a chronic disease Biopsychosocial model – proposes that addiction is caused by a variety of factors operating together Binge Drinking A “ binge” is a pattern of drinking alcohol that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) to .08 gram-percent or above; for a typical adult: 5 drinks for men in 2 hours 4 drinks for women in 2 hours Risk Factors Men: more than 4 drinks in a day or 14 drinks in a week Women: more than 3 drinks in a day or 7 drinks in a week 67% of binge drinkers o college campuses BAC Blood Alcohol Concentration- it is the ratio of alcohol to total blood volume; the factor used to measure the physiological and behavioral effects of alcohol. Legal BAC for drunkenness is.08 in abut 3-4 drinks Absorption and Metabolism of alcohol in the body Absorption- 20% of ingested alcohol diffuses through the stomach lining into the bloodstream, and nearly 80% passes through the stomach lining of the upper third of the small intestine .Absorption into the bloodstream is rapid and complete. Several factors influence how quick alcohol absorbs in the body: 1.)alcohol concentration in the drink 2.)amount of alcohol consumed 3.)amount of food in stomach 4.)pylorospasm(spasm of the pyloric valve in the digestive system) 5.)metabolism 6.)weight 7.)body mass index and your mood The higher alcohol concentration in the drink the more rapid it will absorb in your stomach tract lining -Alcohol is metabolized in the liver Hangover -it is the physiological reaction to excessive drinking, including headache, upset stomach, anxiety, depression, diarrhea, and thirst. Alcohol robs the brain of glucose and water Eating while drinking or before going to bed will help Alcohol and College 300,000 of today’s students will die of alcohol related causes – MVA, cirrhosis, heart disease or cancer The average college student spends $900 a year on alcohol One night of heavy drinking can impair thinking for up to 30 days Congeners Forms of alcohol that are metabolized more slowly than ethanol and produces toxic by products Cerebellum Is the part of the brain that controls recognition, reasoning, vision, and emotion. coordination, reflexes, and balance The medulla controls breathing and respiration Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning 1.) Inability to be aroused
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2.) A weak, rapid pulse 3.) An unusual or irregular breathing pattern 4.) Cool(possibly damp), pale, bluish skin Effects of alcohol on men and women(differences) Women and Men: 1.) Women have half as much alcohol dehydrogenase, the enzyme that breakdown alcohol in the stomach before it reaches the bloodstream and the brain. 2.)
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2010 for the course PHIL 120 taught by Professor H during the Spring '10 term at James Madison University.

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Personal Wellness Midterm Review - Personal Wellness...

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