Midterm review 1 - Topic Name: Delonta Holmes Teacher: W....

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Topic Name: Delonta Holmes Teacher: W. hawk Class:Critical thinking Date Questions/Main Ideas: Notes Word Hazards Defining Characteristic: True or False Important Distinction: A statement’s being true or false and knowing that the statement is true or false. Attitudes toward beliefs True beliefs are worthy of respect because they are true, not because they are beliefs.False beliefs are not worthy of respect because they are false, not because they are beliefs Distinction: Semantic/Syntactic Semantic – has to do with the meaning of a word or term. Syntactic – has to do with the structure of a sentence. Amphibology or Amphiboly grammatical structure generating multiple meanings. Syntactic ambiguity. Ambiguity – Semantic Equivocation Equivocation -- misleading use of a term. -- semantic ambiguity Equivocation Example Should women worry about man-eating sharks? ‘man-eating’ is an ambiguous term Propositional Attitudes Distinction: Knowledge / Belief Knowledge Knowledge is justified, true belief. To be known a statement (proposition) must be believed be true be justified (i.e. there must be sufficient evidence for the truth of the statement) “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?” S knows that P IFF i. P is true, ii. S believes that P, and iii. S is justified in believing that P The Gettier Counter-Example Smith is justified in believing (h) Brown is in Boston. Brown is in Boston.
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This note was uploaded on 03/20/2010 for the course PHIL 120 taught by Professor H during the Spring '10 term at James Madison University.

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Midterm review 1 - Topic Name: Delonta Holmes Teacher: W....

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