Complex.Passages_1

Complex.Passages_1 - Complex Passages: Descriptions,...

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Unformatted text preview: Complex Passages: Descriptions, Explanations and Arguments [2] Wm. J. Hawk Descriptions Answer: Who? What? When? Where? and How? Descriptions provide Information : Accurate statements are true Complete statements contain important and relevant information Explanations Answer: Why? And (sometimes) How? explanandum description of phenomenon explanans statements that explain Arguments Argument = complex set of statements in which one or more statement(s) [premise(s)] are taken as providing reasons for believing another statement [conclusion]. Arguments do not presume disagreement . Argument Types Distinction: Deductive / inductive Every argument is a valid deductive argument or it is an inductive argument. [6/2] Argument Assessments Valid Argument = it is impossible for all its premises to be true and its conclusion false. Sound Argument = a valid argument (proper form) with true premises Valid Arguments -- examples If [John went to the store] p , then [Martha made mincemeat] q ....
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Complex.Passages_1 - Complex Passages: Descriptions,...

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