Childhood amnesia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Childhood amnesia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia -...

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Childhood amnesia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Childhood amnesia is the common inability of adults to remember the earliest years of their childhood. Contents 1 Characterization and background 2 Evidence 2.1 Early observations 2.2 Modern observations 3 Proposed explanations 3.1 Freud’s trauma explanation 3.2 Physical development explanation 3.3 Language explanation 3.4 Emotion explanation 3.5 Context explanation 4 Patterns of childhood amnesia 4.1 Males versus females 4.2 Race and ethnicity 5 See also 6 References Characterization and background Infantile, or childhood amnesia is characterized by the relative absence of memory before 3 or 4 years of age. It is important to note that the term does not refer to complete absence of memories, but the relative scarcity of memories during infancy — a scarcity that cannot be accounted for by a forgetting curve. Additionally, the factors (Wang, 2001). Research has demonstrated that children are adept learners and are quick to acquire and retain information. Children do remember events; however, these memories accessible as children are lost to infantile amnesia in adulthood (Bauer, 2004; Fivush, et al., 1987). Evidence Much research has been and continues to be conducted about childhood amnesia, adding to the wealth of evidence that is available about this phenomenon. However, while memories of subjects are often unreliable, they are nevertheless an important part of research in this area. Thus, researchers often use for their studies memories like 8/15/2009 Childhood amnesia - Wikipedia, the free… en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infant_amnesia 1/6
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the birth of a sibling that can be easily verifiable (Usher, et al., 1993). Early observations Childhood amnesia, despite being a universal human experience, was only first formally studied in 1893 by the psychologist Caroline Miles (Miles, 1893; Bauer, 2004). In 1904 G. Stanley Hall noted the phenomenon in his book Adolescence (Hall, 1904). But it was Sigmund Freud who offered one of the first, most famous, and most controversial descriptions/explanations of childhood amnesia when he tied the phenomenon in with his other psychological theories (Freud, 1916; Bauer, 2004). Modern observations Two large studies by Deirdre Barrett have found 3 1/2 years to be the average age of first memory, with the vast majority of subjects dating their first recollection somewhere between ages 2 and 5 years. [1][2] Another recent study compared childhood and adult memories and found surprisingly few substantive differences, despite expected differences in the emotional vs factual and episodic vs non-episodic content of the memories (West, et al., 1999).
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