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Unformatted text preview: Topic: Voice Human Voice (voc): most natural instrument u soprano: upper register, highest female voice u alto: middle register, female voice u tenor: highest natural male voice u baritone: low tenor/light bass, male voice Commonly not considered separate category of voice but is found in rock music bass: lowest register, male voice Timbre: the texture, quality of sound Intonation: the art of being in tune u two types of poor intonation: u Flat: below the pitch of a note u Sharp: above the pitch of a note If a singer is a little sharp in intonation it is easier on the ears than a flat intonation. Vibrato: the quivering or wavering of a pitch, warms voice, adds a human element. Also be used by instruments u Can be used to cover poor intonation u Some singers can be identified by their vibrato style u Most singers/musicians use vibrato in their style Falsetto: male technique of upper register singing- head tone, singing way up in the head- mainstay of R&R African Roots u Call and Response: technique between individual and group, (leader and congregation, voice and guitar, lead singer and back-up vocalists, soloist and rhythm section) buzzing or roughing the sound bent tones called "blue notes" Blues: Vocal style and song form u original was a means of self expression for new African -American musicians u Lyrics are poetic, words emphasized by blue notes with tension & release Topic: Acoustic Guitar Acoustic Guitar (ac. guit) ("acoustic" refers to resonance in a sound chamber.) u number one instrument of choice by self taught musician u acoustic guitars consist of 6 or 12 strings and hollow body u frets are the metal bars on the neck of acoustic guitars used as finger guides u acoustic guitar is a global instrument, also know as the Spanish, folk, or classical guitar u acoustic guitars dates back 5000 years to Egypt u popular in 16th century Europe u brought to rural America- used early in Country blues u Late '30s: primitive amplification of acoustic guitars u Late '40s: better amplified acoustic guitars u Early '50s: first solid-bodied electric guitars u 1960s: acoustic guitar takes a back seat as the electric guitar assumes lead and solo guitar spots- acoustic guitar was used in the Folk Revival, and by R&R bands for rhythm and texture Continued use in C&W- also pedal steel guitar u 1970s: Acoustic guitars used in Art Rock, and some Hard Rock bands, while electric guitar still dominates u 1980s: Acoustic guitars reemerges in unplugged sessions, alternative groups, and used on ballads for its unique sound Topic: Electric Guitar Electric Guitar (el. guit. or elec. guit.) u has dominated the sound of Rock for 40 years u term electric guitar includes amplified acoustic guitar & solid body electric guitar u 6 or 12 strings u uses metal frets along neck of guitar as finger guides History of solid bodied Electric Guitar: u 1952- Les Paul- innovative guitarist worked on a solid bodied electric guitar u 1954- Leo Fender- builds model for future R&R electric guitarists...
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- Spring '08