telangana - Telangana(Telugu 1 Z G is a region of the...

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Telangana ( Telugu : 1 " Z G ) is a region of the Andhra Pradesh state in India . It has area of 114,840 km 2 , and its population is 30,696,520 per the 2001 census. The name means "land of Telugu people". The region lies on the Deccan plateau to the west of the Eastern Ghats range, and includes the northwestern interior districts of Andhra Pradesh state. Telangana region has 10 districts: Warangal , Adilabad , Khammam , Mahabubnagar , Nalgonda , Rangareddy , Karimnagar , Nizamabad , Medak , and the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad . The Krishna and Godavari rivers flow through the region from west to east. On December 9, 2009, the Government of India announced that the process for the formation of Telangana state would be initiated upon introduction and passage of a separation statement by the state assembly of AP. [1] The Government of India has since constituted a five member committee headed by Justice B. N. Srikrishna to study feasibility for a separate Telangana. [2] Contents [ hide ] 1 History o 1.1 Post-independence history 1.1.1 Merger of Telangana and Andhra 2 Separate Telangana state movement o 2.1 1969 Movement o 2.2 Movement in 1990-2004 o 2.3 Grievances of Telangana proponents o 2.4 2004 and later o 2.5 2009 and later o 2.6 Proposed Telangana State Formation Process 3 Geography 4 Natural Resources (Rivers, Coal, Limestones, Forests) 5 Demography 6 Culture and Identity 7 Places of interest 8 See also 9 References 10 External links [ edit ] History
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The Telangana region was the heart of numerous dynasties. Chowmahalla Palace was home to the Nizams of Hyderabad state The Telangana region is believed by some scholars to have been mentioned in the Mahabharata as the Telinga Kingdom [ citation needed ] , inhabited by the tribe known as Telavana,who fought on the Pandava side in the great war of Mahabharata . There is also Pandavula Guhalu in Warangal district (where the Pandavas spent their life in exile (Lakkha Gruham). [ citation needed ] In Treta yuga , it is believed that Rama , Sita and Lakshmana , spent their life in exile at Parnashala on the banks of Godavari river which is about 25 km from Bhadrachalam in Khammam District which falls in the Telangana region. Telangana has been the homeland Sathavahanas and Kakatiyas . Kotilingala in Karimnagar was the first capital of the Sathavahanas before Dharanikota . Excavations at Kotilingala revealed coinage of Simukha, a Satavahana emperor. The region experienced its golden age during the reign of the Kakatiyas , a Telugu dynasty that ruled most parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 CE to 1323. Ganapatideva was known as the greatest of the Kakatiyas and the first after the Satavahanas to bring the entire Telugu area under one rule. He put an end to the rule of the Cholas in the year 1210 who accepted his suzerainty. He established order in his vast dominion that stretched from the Godavari delta and Anakapalle in the east to Raichur (in modern day Karnataka ) in the west and from Karimnagar & Bastar (in modern day Chattisgarh ) in the north to Srisailam & Tripurantakam, near Ongole in the south. It was also during his reign that the
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