EUenlargement2007 - European Commission Enlargement of the...

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Unformatted text preview: European Commission Enlargement of the EU 3 4 5 Conditions for Membership Treaty of the European Union (TEU) Article 49 of the TEU: Any European State which respects the principles set out in Article 6(1) may apply to become a member of the Union. Article 6 of the TEU: The Union is founded on the principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law, principles which are common to the Member States. 6 Conditions for membership Copenhagen - June, 1993 1) Political criteria (enshrined in the TEU, article 6) The applicant country must have achieved stability of its institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities. 2) Economic criteria Functioning market economy Capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the EU. 3) Acquis adoption and implementation criteria Ability to take on the obligations related to membership, including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union, and to implement them efficiently and effectively. The EUs capacity to absorb new members . The 2004 Enlargement 8 The 2004 enlargement On1st May 2004, after 15 years of reforms, 10 new countries became members of the European Union. Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia; Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania; Slovenia; Cyprus and Malta. This enlargement added 75 million new citizens to the EU increasing its population to 450 million. It is the symbol of Europe reconciliation after nearly 50 years of being torn apart. 9 Benefits of the 2004 Enlargement (1) Extended the zone of peace , stability and prosperity and set durably stable democracies in Europe 75 million new potential consumers and producers in rapidly growing economies Growth rates at least twice as high. (2005 Growth rate of the EU15 = 2,1 Vs 4,6 for the new MS) Positive trade balance for EU 15 = jobs maintained or created 10 Benefits of the 2004 Enlargement (2) Great impacts : Level playing field for economic operators extended Same EU rules and standards across the 25 countries Goods, services, capital and people circulate freely (transitional periods on the free movement of workers) Improved environment and food safety as new members have adopted EU environment and food safety policies 11 Q&A about the 2004 enlargement Was it expensive?Was it expensive?...
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EUenlargement2007 - European Commission Enlargement of the...

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