Lecture 1- Introduction

Lecture 1- Introduction - COGNITION- LECTURE TWO:...

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C OGNITION - L ECTURE TWO : I NTRODUCTION 1/7/2010 1. What is cognition psychology? 2. How did it come about? 3. Approaches/experimentally? Oxford defines cognition as the action or faculty of knowing The study of process Awareness, intelligence, intuition, personal acquaintance skill, recognition, understanding Cognition considers both: 1. Low level processing : intuitive sensory processing 2. High level processing : presumes low-level already took place: consciousness, memory, language Bottom-Up Processing : when perception results from the combination of individual pieces of sensory information Top-Down Processing : When perception is driven by expectation and prior knowledge What happens to get specific output from a given input is cognition Class Definitions (not really right): 1. How brain processes information (75%) 2. Higher-order processes (10%) 3. Low- level processes (10%) 4. Awareness, cautiousness (5%) Aristotle vs. Plato Input Output Light, vibrations, reaction, touch, pressure behaviour, chemical. thoughts, language. People Agent
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C OGNITION - L ECTURE TWO : I NTRODUCTION 1/7/2010 Plato: Proponent of rationalist approach, proposed that we acquire knowledge through reasoning and thought Aristotle: Proponent of empiricist approach, proposed that the only way we can study truth is by observing, using method. The dialect is rationalism vs. Empiricism In the 18 th century, Kant (?) synthesized the dialect by saying we need both views Dialects : form of argument -> two opposing views 1. Thesis= Statement 2. Antithesis= Opposing view 3. Synthesis= Marriage (?) of thesis and antithesis Structuralism vs. Functionalism - Wilhelm Wundi - William James - Breaking down mental - Sought to explain the mental process into the most process in a move systemic and basic components accurate process - Purpose of
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Lecture 1- Introduction - COGNITION- LECTURE TWO:...

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