Hock Exam 3 - Human Development Most influential areas of...

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Human Development 4/5/2009 3:04:00 PM Most influential areas of research in developmental psychology are… ….. proceses of attachement/bonding btw infant and mother, development of intellectual abilities, and the changes relating to aging process Dr. Harry Harlow: worked with monkeys. –demontrated the importance of early infant attachments in later psychological adjustment Jean Piaget: formed foundation of cognitive development Lawrence Kohlberg: how moral character develops DISCOVERING LOVE Make assumption that love influences behavior Harry Harlow- developmental psychologist. Made great contribution like Freud -studied how early life experiences affect adulthood experiences as an infant with closeness, touching, and attachment to your mother have an important influence on your abilities to love and be close to others later in life behaviorists belived connection btw infant and mom was so importance because of the focus around the breast and instintictive oral tendencies. . Mom had primary needs. Hunger thirst… Mom becomes associated with pleasurable events Harlow —discovered that love and affection may be primary needs that are just as strong as thirst/hunger for ethical reasons… harlow’s experiment could not be done on humans( infants being abandonded by mother) rhesus monkeys = subjects
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1 st surrogate mother… smooth wooden body covered in sponge rubber/terry cloth had breast that delivered milk. .lightbulb for warmth. .had a nursing bottle surrogate mother with less soft comfort. . wire mesh.had breast. .provided heat but it did not offer ―contact comfort‖. . mothers placed into separate cubicles attached to infant mkneys cage. . 8 monkeys assigned to two groups. ** Harlow was testing the influence of nursing from the influence of contact comfort. Harlow tested to see how monkeys in fear would respond. . how they would attach to their surrogate cloth/wire mothers. Huge influence of contact comfort in producing an attachment between infant and mother monkey was clearly demonstrated. Monkeys fed by cloth mother spent a lot more time with cloth mother Monkeys fed by wire mother spent more time with cloth mother --importance of contact comfort. . all monkeys ate same amount, gained weight at same time, but infants of the wire mother could not digest the milk as well. Sometimes had diarrhea. . suggesting that the lack of the soft mother was psychologically stressful to these infants FRIGHTENING OBJECT TEST. . Whenver monkeys were faced with something frightening they ran to cloth mother, clung to it for comfort and protection. . . as monkeys age increased this response became stronger OPEN FIELD TESTS…
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With humans when infants have their parents around they feel safe and are usually more curious an dopen to exploring. . When Harlow did this with monkeys… infant monkeys placed in strange room they all ran to
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2010 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Hock Exam 3 - Human Development Most influential areas of...

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