Review for Final Exam
PHIL/ENGR 482—Fall, 2009
Review the factual/conceptual/application/moral distinctions and the main ideas about RP and
utilitarianism. Although on the mid-term, these topics will be covered again on the final exam.
You should understand the three tests for each of the two moral theories. In particular, be sure you
understand the difference between the Golden Rule, rule utilitarianism and the self-defeating test.
They all use the idea of universalization, but in different ways. Also, the distinction between
provisional and all-things-considered
judgments is important. For example, provisionally, bribery
is always wrong, but there may be occasions when, all things considered, it is permissible. Finally,
review the method of casuistry and creative middle ways.
Special lecture on the use of the idea of “capabilities” in risk and disaster analysis. Traditional risk
and disaster analysis considers only a limited number of
factors that are relatively easy to
measure: deaths, injuries, buildings destroyed, etc. Professors Gardoni and Murphy consider this
to be an inadequate analysis. Know the basic ideas of their approach, including such terms as
“capabilities,” “functionings,” and “hazard index.”
Professionalism and Registration. (Covered in Friday session, October 23) Look at the NSPE code
and the code of the Texas Board of Professional Engineers. Look at the definition of sustainable
development in the NSPE code. This is the classic definition. There are two lines of authority in
the engineering profession. One line is the voluntary societies, such as the American Society of
Civil Engineers, etc. These groups only have the power to expel members for unethical conduct,
and membership is not necessary to practice engineering. The other line is the state boards of
registration, all of whom are members of the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and
Surveying (NCEES). The NCEES formulates the exams for the P.E. license, has a model code,
and compiles statistics on the number and types of sanctions given by state boards. What are
arguments for and against getting the P.E? .