Societal Impacts - A Capabilities-based Approach to...

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A Capabilities-based Approach to Measuring the Societal Impacts of Natural Hazards and Disasters Paolo Gardoni Zachry Department of Civil Engineering Colleen Murphy Department of Philosophy
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Who we are… Paolo Gardoni Zachry Department of Civil Engineering Teaching CVEN 305 – Mechanics of Materials CVEN 444 – Structural Concrete Design CVEN 689 – Engineering Risk Analysis CVEN 655 – Structural Reliability Research Interests Structural reliability; Risk and life cycle analysis; Probability and stochastic methods; Modeling and simulation of natural phenomena; Forecasting; Development and implementation of LRFD; Condition assessment of deteriorating systems. Colleen Murphy Department of Philosophy Teaching PHIL 111 - Contemporary Moral Issues PHIL 332 – Social & Political Philosophy PHIL 480 – Medical Ethics PHIL 483 – Professional Ethics PHIL 662 – Ethics & Value Theory PHIL 689 – Philosophy of Law Research Interests Political Philosophy; Ethics; Philosophy of Law. Engineers deal with many things that go beyond the technical knowledge
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Hazards vs. Disasters Natural hazards refer to potential damaging or destructive natural events like tornados, hurricanes, and earthquakes that might occur in the future Disasters refer to actual harmful natural events that already occurred Since natural hazards did not occur yet, we need to talk about risk
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Definitions of Risk and Risk Analysis Risk refers to a set of scenarios s i , their associated probability of occurrence p i , and consequences c i (Kaplan and Garrick, 1981) Risk analysis (or risk assessment ) is the process of 1. Quantifying the probabilities of potential consequences in various hazards, where the consequences include potential loss of life or injuries, community disruptions, and governmental expenditures for recovery 2. Evaluating that information to decide whether and how to act, under conditions of uncertainty (Vose, 2000; Bedford and Cooke 2001) Bedford, T., and Cooke, R. (2001). Probabilistic risk analysis: foundations and methods . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Kaplan S., and Gerrick B.J. (1981). On the quantitative definition of risk. Risk Analysis , 1, 11-27. Vose, D. (2000). Risk analysis: a quantitative guide. Wiley, New York, NY. In the past, the focus has been limited to measuring consequences that are more easily quantifiable (e.g., fatalities and physical damage)
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Tornados Eruptions Fires Earthquakes Droughts Tidal Waves Flooding Hurricanes Pollution Terrorist Natural and Man- made Hazards
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Tornados Eruptions Fires Earthquakes Droughts Tidal Waves Flooding Hurricanes Pollution Terrorist Natural and Man- made Hazards Society Individuals’ Standard of Living
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Tornados Eruptions Fires Earthquakes Droughts Tidal Waves Flooding Hurricanes Pollution Terrorist Natural and Man- made Hazards Fatalities Structural Damage Direct Economic Losses More… Indirect Economic Losses Society Focal Consequences Auxiliary Consequences Individuals’ Standard of Living
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Tornados Eruptions Fires Earthquakes Droughts Tidal Waves Flooding Hurricanes Pollution
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2010 for the course MEEN ISEN 302 taught by Professor Kim during the Spring '10 term at Texas A&M University–Commerce.

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Societal Impacts - A Capabilities-based Approach to...

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