Constitution Notes - TheConstitution o ChapterTwo OriginsofaNewNation o o /servitude o o Colonistsw

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The Constitution o Chapter Two Origins of a New Nation o Colonists came to New World for a variety of reasons o Escape from religious persecution o Escape from class or economic strata /servitude o Character  of its “new” colonists was to determine the political culture of America. o Colonists were also very independent. Separated by an ocean from colonial government Relatively distant relationship with government for 140 years Trade and Taxation o Britain retained strict import/export controls on the Colonies. o Colonists did not produce finished goods. o Policies were difficult (and costly) to enforce and the colonists often ignored them. o Colonists accepted trade regulation and no involvement in international affairs, they  retained the right to levy their own taxes.   o Albany Congress – Franklin’s plan of union o To meet with 150 Iroquoi chiefs in Albany, NY o Partial meeting of the colonies o This agreement was put to the test by the French and Indian War fought from 1755 to  1760. Fallout from the War o British and French had rival claims to lands between the Allegheny Mountains and the  Mississippi River.   o End of war the British agreed that there would be no more expansion into Native  American territory westward.  o They did not have the resources to defend the colonists.  o And they had to pay existing debts related to the war. o This led to a number of “Acts” that taxed the colonists. A Decade of Taxation o Parliament’s Actions o Sugar Act of 1764 - placed taxes on sugar, wine, coffee o Post war colonial depression heightened resentment over the tax.
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o Stamp Act of 1765 - required the purchase of stamps for all documents, including  newspapers, magazines and commercial papers. o Mutiny Act of 1765 - required that the colonists furnish barracks or living quarters within  their own homes for British troops o Townshend Act of 1767 - imposed duties (import tarriffs) on all kinds of colonial imports  including tea o Coercive Acts of 1774 - included a complete blockade of Boston Harbor until restitution  made for the 350 chests of tea that were thrown overboard. Colonists’ Actions o 1765 Sons of Liberty - 1 st  move toward independence under Samuel Adams and Patrick  Henry o 1765 Stamp Act Congress - 1 st  official meeting of the colonies and first step toward a  unified nation o Protest in 1770 Boston Massacre - 4000 troops in Boston fired on protesting mob and  killed 5 colonists o Boston Tea Party - East India Company given monopoly over British imported tea  (lowest duty) tea only given to loyal Crown supporters – other merchants had to 
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2010 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Cann during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Constitution Notes - TheConstitution o ChapterTwo OriginsofaNewNation o o /servitude o o Colonistsw

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