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Constitution Slides - TheConstitution ChapterTwo...

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The Constitution Chapter Two
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Origins of a New Nation Colonists came to New World for a variety of  reasons Escape from religious persecution Escape from class or economic strata /servitude Character  of its “new” colonists was to determine the political  culture of America. Colonists were also very independent. Separated by an ocean from colonial government Relatively distant relationship with government for 140  years
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Trade and Taxation Britain retained strict import/export controls on the  Colonies. Policies were difficult (and costly) to enforce and the  colonists often ignored them. Colonists accepted trade regulation and no  involvement in international affairs, they retained the  right to levy their own taxes.   Albany Congress – Franklin’s plan of union This agreement was put to the test by the French and  Indian War fought from 1755 to 1760.
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Fallout from the War British and French had rival claims to lands between  the Allegheny Mountains and the Mississippi River.   End of war the British agreed that there would be no  more expansion into Native American territory  westward.  They did not have the resources to defend the  colonists.  And they had to pay existing debts related to the war. This led to a number of “Acts” that taxed the  colonists.
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A Decade of Taxation Parliament’s Actions Sugar Act of 1764 Stamp Act of 1765 Mutiny Act of 1765 Townshend Act of  1767 Coercive Acts of  1774 Colonists’ Actions 1765 Sons of Liberty 1765 Stamp Act  Congress Protest in 1770 Boston  Massacre Boston Tea Party 1 st  Continental  Congress 1774 A few months later-Shot  heard round the world… 2 nd  Continental  Congress 1775
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Colonies Respond 1st Continental Congress 1774. 56 delegates from all of the colonies  except Georgia met.  Purpose: attempt to iron out their  differences with King George. Timeline of war
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Colonies Respond 2nd Continental Congress 1775 Convened to respond to the violence that erupted  and the presence of 16,000 British troops in  Boston. Stayed in session to act as the sitting government  while violence persisted. Formal Declaration of Independence 1776 voted for independence.
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The Articles of Confederation The Articles were the first constitution of  the United States.  In force from 1781 to 1788 when the  present Constitution of the United States  became effective. (war ended 1783) Written by committee of the 2 nd   Continental Congress.
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The Articles of Confederation Ratification took some time because of 
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Constitution Slides - TheConstitution ChapterTwo...

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