Study Guide for Congress

Study Guide for Congress - body What role does party play...

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Study Guide for Congress Big questions: Explain how the constitutional structure of Congress emerged during the Federal Convention. What are the powers of Congress? How does each chamber differ in terms of its powers? How does the electoral system (separate elections for president and congress and voting in congressional districts by plurality vote) affect the politics of Congress? What are congressional districts and when and why do they change? Why are congressional politics more candidate-centered than party-centered and what are the implications of this fact? Does incumbency guarantee reelection to the House or Senate? Why or why not?
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How do national politics affect congressional races? What does it mean when we say that members of congress have more incentives to be individually responsive than collectively responsible? And what are the negative outcomes of this? What are the characteristics of those who serve in Congress? What problems does Congress have to overcome in order to be an effective law-making
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Unformatted text preview: body? What role does party play in the House and the Senate? What types of committees have evolved in Congress? How are committee assignments made? Why are committees powerful? How does a bill become a law? What is the presidents role with regard to a bill? What do we mean when we say there is a bias against action in Congress? Terms: What are they and why are they important? Ad hoc committee Casework Closed rule Open rule Wesberry v. Sanders Filibuster Cloture Conference committee Standing committee Entitlement Gerrymandering Joint committee Logrolling Minority leader Majority leader Speaker of the House Multiple referral Pocket veto Override Political action committee Pork barrel legislation. President pro tempore Proportional representation Restricted rule Rider Rule Select committee Seniority rule Ticket splitting Coattails Unanimous consent agreements Whip...
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