Ch. 1 - Chapter 1 What Is Psychology? Common Misconceptions...

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Chapter 1 What Is Psychology?
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Common Misconceptions Psychology is just about life counseling. -Family problems, drugs, addiction, delinquincy Psychology is just common sense. Psychology is just about treating mental illnesses. Autism, schizophrenia, phobias, anxiety, depression Freud
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Counseling / Mental Illness Partly true: 55% of psychologists counsel or otherwise treat patients. But as we shall see, the umbrella term “psychologist” can apply to a cornucopia of specialties.
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Common Sense (un-warranted accusation) Many psychological findings are indeed intuitive (e.g. reciprocation norms, stress leading to anxiety and depression, et cetera) Other findings are not so intuitive: (opposite actually) Women fall in love more quickly than do men. Kids will come to enjoy a play activity (like drawing) more when rewarded for doing it.
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Non-Counseling Psychologists Developmental Psychologists Lifespan, “Cradle to the grave”, How does memory develop in children?, How do cognitive abilities grow/ change with age?, Can a child serve as a reliable witness in a court of law? Cognitive Psychologists Experimental, sensation and perception, learning and memory, consciousness (thresholds), intelligence, creativity Personality Psychologists Prejudice, pessimism or optimism, interpersonal compatibility (introverts, extroverts), personality characteristics of “Space Alien Abductees” Community Psychologists Help to ensure that hose who need psychological intervention receive it (homeless Work to help prevent psychological disorders Health Psychologists Behaviors affect health, illness affect emotions, how can people be encouraged to quit smoking, eat healthy, exercise, avoid unprotected sex, and so on? Educational Psychologists Optimizing teacher training, effective teaching, researchers (not school psychologists), develop/refine curricula, reduce dropout rates, maximizing learning
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Non-Counseling Psychologists School Psychologists IQ testing, diagnose learning disabilities, identify gifted children, improve achievement, mental health probs, prevent violence, grief counseling, maximize student satisfaction with schooling Social Psychologists Social influence (persuasion), conformity, prejudice, public health campaigns, working in groups (social loafing, effects on stereotypes) Industrial/Organizational Psychologists Leadership, job stress, competition, pay scales, employee productivity, efficiency, satisfaction, retention, etc Quantitative Psychologists Primarily act as a steticician Forensic Psychologists Not science Jury selection, determine defendants mental competence, rehabilitation for criminals with mental disturbances Biological Psychologists/Behavioral Neuroscientists Behavioral neuroscience study the relationship btw brain anatomy and physiology and behavior drug evaluation/screening animal “modeling” of psychological disorders are neurotransmitter imbalances implicated in anxiety and depression?
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The scientific study of
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2010 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Crystal during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Ch. 1 - Chapter 1 What Is Psychology? Common Misconceptions...

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