Chapter_10_PV

Chapter_10_PV - Chapter 10 Gender Identity and Gender...

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Chapter 10 Gender Identity and Gender Differences
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Sexual Differentiation _ _23rd_ _____ Chromosomal Pair XX: Genotypic female XY: Genotypic male Undifferentiated until __ _6_ ___ weeks post- conception SRY: Sex-determining Region of Y chromosome One of the effects is to produce __ H-Y_ ___ antigen
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Genotype-Phenotype Mismatches Genotype : Genetic Endowment Phenotype : Manifested Characteristics Hermaphrodites develop BOTH fully formed testicular and ovarian tissue. Pseudohermaphrodites develop ambiguous genitalia. Intersexed : People with ambiguous sex phenotype
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Gender Roles Roles assigned by society which indicate how males and females SHOULD behave. E.G. Careers Neurosurgeons, Fighter Pilots Nurses, Interior Designers
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Gender Permanence Prior to about 6 years of age, children do not seem to be aware that gender is permanent Recall that they attend to the most salient aspect of a situation (Piaget’s theory). Therefore, a little boy who is dressed in his sister’s clothes may believe that he is now a girl.
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Gender-Schema Theory Maintains that gender roles / gender identification are acquired through modeling the behaviors of others and experiencing the operant contingencies (i.e. the outcomes) of these behaviors.
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Parents who impose fewer gender roles expectations on their children (e.g. boys play with soldiers and trucks whereas girls play with Barbie dolls and tea sets) have children who are less gender-typed. Children who observe their parents
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Chapter_10_PV - Chapter 10 Gender Identity and Gender...

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