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Chapter 1 Definitions

Chapter 1 Definitions - computers those who maintain the...

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Chapter 1 Page 6: Information system (IS) – a group of components that interact to produce information. Five-component framework – the five fundamental components of an information system – computer hardware, software, data, procedures, and people – that are present in every information system, from the simplest to the most complex. Computer hardware – one of the five fundamental components of an information system. Software – instructions for computers. One of the five fundamental components of an information system. Data – recorded facts or figures. One of the five fundamental components of an information system. Procedures – instructions for humans. One of the five fundamental components of an information system. People – as part of the five-component framework, one of the five fundamental components of an information system; includes those who operate and service the
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Unformatted text preview: computers, those who maintain the data, those who support the networks, and those who use the system. Computer-based information system – an information system that includes a computer. Page 7: Management information systems (MIS) – an information system that helps businesses achieve their goals and objectives. Page 8: Information technology (IT) – the products, methods, inventions, and standards that are used for the purpose of producing information. Page 15: Moore’s Law – a law, created by Gordon Moore, stating that the number of transistors per square inch on an integrated chip doubles every 18 months. Moore’s prediction has proved generally accurate in the 40 years since it was made. Sometimes, this law is stated that the speed of a computer chip doubles every 18 months. While not strictly true, this version gives the gist of the idea....
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