New-Native-Am-2 - Native Americans & Indian Policy EQ:...

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EQ: Where did the indigenous peoples of the Americas come from and when? EQ: How did the various tribes/civilizations view one another? EQ: Were the tribes of North America pacifistic or warlike?\ EQ: How did the arrival of the Spanish change the cultures of the North American Indians even in areas where they had no contact? EQ: How did the Spanish view the Native Americans? EQ: How did the English view Native Americans? EQ: How did the French view Native Americans? EQ: How did the Native American tribes of the Atlantic coastal areas respond to European colonization? EQ: What did the majority of North American tribes have in common in terms of culture? How was this different from the European worldview or “paradigm?” I.Before the arrival of Europeans 6-10 million Native Ams—hundreds of tribes, 300 languages A.Different cultures—language, social and economic organization, arts, religion, customs and traditions 1.Commonality—for the most part lived in harmony with the land 2.Extensive trade between tribes and regions II.European views: A.Savages, even when high degree of social organization 1.Were not Christian… “civilized” a.Suited for servitude? 2.Were not “using” the land B. “Uncorupted children of nature”—European curiosity 16 th C 1.Michel de Montaigne: [They have] no sort of traffic, no knowledge of letters, no science of numbers, no name for a magistrate or for political superiority, no custom of servitude, no riches or poverty, no contracts, no successions, no partitions, no occupations but leisure ones, no care for any but common kinship, no clothes, no agriculture, no metal, no use of wine or wheat. The very words that signify lying, treachery, dissimilation, avarice, envy, belittling, pardon—unheard of. a.Hadn’t been there (Brasil); Columbus similar view
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b.Generalizing/stereotyping/exaggerating C. “Noble Savage”—mystique of America and spirit of Romanticism 1.Paintings, novels etc. D.Fundamental difference in values separated Europeans from Native Ams. 1.Eur./Ams have tendancy to separate and categorize elements of experience with the belief that this leads to ultimate knowledge. Statistical truth becomes the key to knowledge and understanding
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2010 for the course HIST 202 taught by Professor Stanford during the Spring '10 term at Canada College.

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New-Native-Am-2 - Native Americans & Indian Policy EQ:...

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