ARH302 - legitimizes the ruler as a divinely sanctioned...

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Near Eastern Art I Visual Culture
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Near Eastern Civilization Civilizations of the Fertile Crescent Civilizations of the Euphrates and Tigris Civilizations of the written word : cuneiform script Civilizations of visual cultures : images as means of communication or narrative
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Cuneiform texts: mostly records of economic transactions
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Neolithic Near East: 9 th mil-5000 BCE (attention textbk. p. 13!) Settlement of Ain Ghazal (Spring of Gazelles) in Jordan Clay plaster over a frame combined with shells and bitumen 7 th mil. BCE!!!
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Compare and Contrast: size, date, looks, effect, shape, materials
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Uses of images: religious
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Eternal worshipers from Tell Ashmar (Eshnunna)
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Uses of Images: Propaganda
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Stele of Eannatum of Lagash 26 th c. BCE (Louvre: do explore!) Note the bigger size of the ruler Note the combination of image and script The text glorifies and
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Unformatted text preview: legitimizes the ruler as a divinely sanctioned figure. Rulers (ab)use religion to pursue their ends. Art is a means of propaganda Victory Stele of Naram-Sin , 23d c. BCE: period of Akkadian Empire Hammurabi Stele : WORD AND IMAGE (18 th c. BCE) Standard of Ur: Royal Cemetery, UR Use of images: entertainment Lyre of Ur : royal cemetery 2600 BCE Note the hero as master of animals in heraldic composition Note the composite beasts Not the fabulous elements of the panels Image, music, and poetry: their role in a largely illiterate society? Conclusion:Near Eastern Art is Schematic Antinaturalistic Conventional Authoritatively persuasive Conceptual: makers and viewers think in terms of what they know rather than of what is out there objectively....
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2010 for the course ARH 302 taught by Professor Dontremember during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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ARH302 - legitimizes the ruler as a divinely sanctioned...

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