near_eastern_art_ii - Assyrian Empire (9 th-7 th c BCE):...

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Near Eastern Art II Architecture and Urbanism
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Neolithic Urbanism: Catal Hoyuk , a section of Level VI (6000-5900 BCE): Anatolia (=Turkey) see also textbk. pp. 14-15
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Cf. with a typical village in N. Iraq: construction technologies remain constant if they work well (here: mudbrick on a stone socle )
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Uruk : Ziggurat and White Temple (late fourth mil. BCE): city state as worshipping community
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Ur: Ziggurat, consider landscape:
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Ur: Nanna Ziggurat : circa 2100 BCE
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Plan of late 3 rd mil. Nanna temple complex : your imagination will surround it with a thriving city, yet unexcavated!
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What happens in contemporary Europe? Cf. and contrast with Stonehenge, England, 2550-1600 BCE
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Cf. materials, principles of construction, shapes, orientation, context: they both serve the need of worshipping communities and their cosmological concerns and beliefs.
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Unformatted text preview: Assyrian Empire (9 th-7 th c BCE): militarism, imperialism, hegemony Dur Sharrukin (now: Khorsabad): capital of Sargon II (last quarter of 8 th c. BCE) Ashurnasirpal II , North Palace, mid. 9 th c. Assyrian: Calah (Nimrud) Palaces of Monsters: Lamassu Palaces of supernatural beings at the service of the absolute ruler: winged genii (here: from Nimrud) Convergence of Text and Image: think in terms of Image as Text and Text as Image Study the cuneiform inscription: ubiquitus, spells out the jingoist statements of the ruler (known as the Standard Inscription) Narrative of conquest, dominion and annihilation (Calah, Ashurnasirpal IIs palace) Saddam Husein: invested on the imperial past of his land see a similar monument in textb. P. 37...
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near_eastern_art_ii - Assyrian Empire (9 th-7 th c BCE):...

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