November 10 Lecture

Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal (7th Edition)

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Unformatted text preview: November 10, 2009 Lecture: Which of the Following is NOT a characteristic of liberalism? A. State neutrality B. Emphasis on rights C. Toleration D. Recognition of pluralism E. Defence to tradition Burke (continued) Human Nature and Society: 2 - Against the liberal, legalistic, business-like social contract - Society is not created by our consent - Sacred intergenerational covenant Freedom - Freedom is not necessarily good - Rights are concrete, not abstract and universal - Ordered liberty to act in accordance with society’s laws and traditions Revolution and Reform - Revolution, radicalism, innovation are all mistaken - Reform: careful, gradual, recognizes complexity of society - Prefer “prejudice” to abstract reason Burke on Government - Reflective, responsible, representatives - Trustees who prefer their own judgement to the people’s opinion - Natural aristocracy and little platoons Conservatism in the 19th Century: Joseph De Maistre - Reactionary - Throne and Altar - Against enlightenment rationality - Praises instinct Pius IX’s Syllabus of Errors - Believes: Human reason requires God’s help to discover truth and promote human welfare - Catholic religion is the only religion of the state - Rejection of central liberal claims Cultural Conservatism - Wordsworth, Coleridge, et al. - Favour emotion over reason - Response to industrial revolution: worried about commercial activity, reject pursuit of profit and material wealth - Industry is dehumanizing and alienating - Commerce and capitalism versus culture and spirituality - Favour simple, rural, communal life - Natural hierarchy Benjamin Disraeli Tory Democracy - Attract support from aristocratic landowners and working class - Address working class needs improve working conditions, support right to organize strike - Support monarchy and church 19th Century Conservatism in the USA - Conservatives defend liberal society - Cultural conservatives reject rationalist pursuit of perfection and harmful effects of capitalism - “conservative” = “defender of laissez-faire capitalism” 20th Century Conservatism vs Mass Society - Conservative distrust of democracy - From democracy to chaos and dictatorship - Masses are ignorant and unrestrained - Entrust government to elite Conservatives and Communism - Progress - Perfectibility - Planning ...
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This document was uploaded on 03/23/2010.

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