September 24 Lecture

Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal (7th Edition)

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Justifying the State: State of Nature: (continued) Locke’s state of nature, executive power is possessed by? A: each person Rousseau: -Self-Preservation and compassion -Savage is uncorrupted by civilization -Savage is unaware of morality – moral principles, commandments Natural Savage: no anticipation on future How change happens in the state of nature: -1. Free will, 2. The capacity for self improvement -Tool making, cooperation, free time – leisure, luxury goods, corrupted needs Further Development in The State of Nature: -Language and comparison of talents -Agriculture, Metallurgy, Property, Rules of Justice, and Inequality -Leads to the state of war -The rich devise a brilliant plan – rules of justice, slavery, rich benefit more from these rules, they have the stuff to be taken Anarchism : Without Rulers -We would be better off without government -Cooperation is possible without coercion Hobbes’s Reply to Anarchism: -“any state is better than no state” -Fear, suspicion, and competition will overwhelm cooperation – rational to be
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September 24 Lecture - Justifying the State: State of...

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