ISS215_LECTURE_2 - A. Authority 1. Rational-Legal Authority...

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Classical Theories of Social Inequality Lecture 2
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Outline I. Emile Durkheim A. Social Solidarity B. Anomie C. Durkheim and Social Inequality II. Max Weber A. Bureaucracy B. Authority C. Weber and Social Inequality III. Ruling Class and Elites
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I. Emile Durkheim (1858- 1917) A. Social Solidarity 1. Mechanical Solidarity a) Simple division of labor b) Homogenous c) Similarity of individuals d) Collective conscience e) Individual ego not prominent 1. Organic Solidarity a) Complex division of labor b) Differences c) Interdependence a) Increased individualism b) Dehumanization
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I. Emile Durkheim Continued A. Anomie B. Durkheim and Social Inequality 1. Division of labor 2. Internal and external inequality 3. Class revolution
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II. Max Weber (1864-1920) A. Bureaucracy 1. Impersonality 2. Hierarchy 3. Written system of rules 4. Clear division of labor 5. Contains precision, speed, unambiguity, knowledge, unity, produces less friction and is low cost
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II. Max Weber Continued
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Unformatted text preview: A. Authority 1. Rational-Legal Authority 2. Traditional Authority 3. Charismatic Authority B. Weber and Social Inequality 1. Classes: Position of an individual in the market that determines their class position a) Property Classes b) Social Classes c) Commercial Classes II. Max Weber Continued 1. Status: All aspects of life determined by a social estimation of honor a) Restricted pattern of social interaction b) Sharing the benefits within groups c) Status conventions and traditions d) Monopoly over certain economic opportunities 2. Party: Power within an organization for its leaders in order to attain ideal or material advantages for its active members III. Ruling Class and Elites A. Elites in Ancient Societies B. Elites in Agrarian Societies C. Elites in Industrial Societies (Pareto, Gaetano, C.W. Mills, Anthony Giddens)...
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ISS215_LECTURE_2 - A. Authority 1. Rational-Legal Authority...

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