Sensory Memory

Sensory Memory - % Sensory Memory: The sensory memory...

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% Sensory Memory : The sensory memory retains an exact copy of what is seen or heard (visual and auditory). It only lasts for a few seconds, while some theorize it last only 300 milliseconds. It has unlimited capacity. % Short-Term Memory (STM) - Selective attention determines what information moves from sensory memory to short- term memory . STM is most often stored as sounds, especially in recalling words, but may be stored as images. It works basically the same as a computer's RAM (Random Access Memory) in that it provides a working space for short computations and then transfers it to other parts of the memory system or discards it. Is thought to be about seven bits in length, that is, we normally remember seven items. STM is vulnerable to interruption or interference. % Long-Term Memory - This is relatively permanent storage. Information is stored on the basis of meaning and importance. Memory Human memory, like memory in a computer, allows us to store information for later use. In order to do this, however, both the computer and we need to master three processes involved in memory. The first is called encoding; the process we use to transform information so that it can be stores. For a computer this means transferring data into 1’s and 0’s. For us, it means transforming the data into a meaningful form such as an association with an existing memory, an image, or a sound. Next is the actual storage, which simply means holding onto the information. For this to take place, the computer must physically write the 1’ and 0’s onto the hard drive. It is very similar for us because it means that a physiological change must occur for the memory to be stored. The final process is called retrieval, which is bringing the memory out of storage and reversing the process of encoding. In other words, return the information to a form similar to what we stored. The major difference between humans and computers in terms of memory has to do with how the information is stored. For the most part, computers have only two types; permanent storage and permanent deletion. Humans, on the other hand
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are more complex in that we have three distinct memory storage capabilities (not including permanent deletion). The first is
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Sensory Memory - % Sensory Memory: The sensory memory...

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