CRT 205 Chapter OneNotes Week 1

CRT 205 Chapter OneNotes Week 1 - CRT 205 Chapter One Notes...

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CRT 205 Chapter One Notes Week 1 Claims When you state a belief or opinion (same thing), you are making a claim . An argument is what a prosecutor gives a judge or jury to show that the defendant is guilty. It is what a parent gives you when he or she tells you why you should do something, or if you are a parent, what you give your own children. Arguments When you present a reason for thinking a claim is true, you are giving an argument. From this perspective an argument has two parts: the supported part, which is called the conclusion, and the supporting part, which is called the premise. The premise of an argument, in other words, specifies the reason (or reasons) for accepting the conclusion. The statement “I should be excused because my grandmother just died” has the required two-part structure. “My grandmother just died” is the premise, and “I should be excused” is the conclusion. An argument consists of two parts, and one part (the premise or premises) is supposedly a reason for thinking that the other (the conclusion) is true. Critically thinking about a claim that is not self-evidently or obviously true or false requires evaluating the arguments both for and against it. Subjectivism This is the idea that one opinion is as good as the next, or that what is true is what you think is true. What is it that makes a concept subjective? The answer is that there are expressions which we generally let people apply as they see fit. Value Judgments Value judgments obviously include decisions that are among the most important we make Basic Critical Thinking Skills
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When you think critically about a belief/opinion, or more precisely about the claim used to state it, the first order of business is to pinpoint what claim is under consideration. Claims can be vague, ambiguous, and obscure in other ways There are different kinds of arguments, and they involve different principles of evaluation Two Kinds of Good Argument A good “deductive” argument and a good “inductive” argument Deductive Argument The first type of good argument, a good deductive argument, is said to be “valid.” That’s an argument whose premises being true would mean
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CRT 205 Chapter OneNotes Week 1 - CRT 205 Chapter One Notes...

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