final - China One Child Policy 1 One Child Policy should be...

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China One Child Policy 1 ‘One Child Policy’ should be Universal: WRI 102: Argumentative essay Professor Al Merabi October 29, 2009
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China One Child Policy 2 China One Child Policy: Population density is one of the most effective measures of a nations’ well-being, however it’s a subjective measure. Think of these two correlated phenomenon as a parabola, as one increases the other one increase too, until a certain point where they no longer directly correlate. In theory, as population growth blows up the country’s economic state improves, until it starts depreciating with the continuous rise in population growth. This gives us an idea why some countries zoom ahead while other countries lag behind. Let’s consider China, one of the most populous nations, where the government imposed the one child policy in the late 90’s which restricts couples not to have more than one child. In fact, they were attempting to boost the country’s economic and social standards through the birth-control strategy. Was this policy convenient to the government’s expectations? In fact, it was. Therefore, this policy should be practiced world-wide because despite the fact that it curbs population growth, it actually benefits individuals’ living standards as it promotes progression in both educational and medical sectors, as well as raising income per-capita. Moreover, in spite of economists’ uncertainty about the correlation between population growth and economic development, but in most cases it’s a negative correlation. One of the primary objectives of such policy is to raise income per capita through forcing families to have fewer children. Statistics shows that China, with population of 1.31 billion, has income per capita of $2,054, whereas U.S., with population of 301 million, has income per capita of $43,950. This shows a huge gap in incomes due to the
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China One Child Policy 3 large difference in population density. In point of fact, a typical family’s income increases as the number of children in that family decreases. To be more precise, the family’s income doesn’t actually increase , however, the family’s expenditures decrease so they save more and thus enjoy greater prosperity. This applies to families in urban areas, while it doesn’t really work out with families in rural areas. This is because families in rural areas, especially in undeveloped societies, prefer to have many children since they are engaged in agricultural works and ought to help in raising their family’s income (White, 2000, p. 102). For this purpose, this explains why usually families in countryside are bigger than families in cities. One might claim that the one-child-policy doesn’t work as expected in all sides of the country due to disparities in life styles, yet this is not a valid assumption. This is because technological evolution in many domains, particularly agricultural field, came up with many alternatives to boost cultivation production rather than resorting to child labor to put up the family’s income. Therefore,
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2010 for the course WRI WRI 102 taught by Professor Najla during the Spring '10 term at American University in Bulgaria.

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final - China One Child Policy 1 One Child Policy should be...

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