TEST 1 - TEST1 Sociology 3061 22/02/201014:59:00 Three...

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TEST 1 22/02/2010 14:59:00 Sociology 3061 Three Major Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology: Structural Functionalism (dominant theory) Look at structure and institutions of society to see how they work together to maintain society How they work, interact, etc; what happens when one fails Macro level (looks at society as a whole, not individuals) Conflict Theory Extension of ideas of Karl Marx Looks at society’s conflict and competition b/t different groups (power conflict, control of resources) Social change occurs when subordinate people rise up and overthrow the dominant group macro level Symbolic Interactionism George H. Mead Microlevel Society is only possible through our ability to use significant symbols w/ shared meanings throughout society Language—systems of significant symbols to communicate; how to coordinate activities and create complex societies Nothing is done in society unless it is done by ppl
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Social Psychology Is a branch of Behaviorism (old theory) – provided w/ a stimulus and we respond to it How we respond depends on our positive and negative feedback Over time behaviors become habits and the system of rewards and punishments aren’t needed Revival of behaviorism b/c of B. F. Skinner (1920s) Lab experiment on pigeons teaching them to perform certain tasks by giving or w/holding corn Or the most part behaviorism is an inaccurate way of describing human behavior – is missing free will; we have cognitive abilities to think about things and make choices Rational Choice and Exchange Theory - micro-level Rational Choice Theory Take into account our ability to think and make our own choices about our behavior Exchange Theory Specifies how we make some of these rational choices When presented w/ choices – will weigh benefits on one hand and costs and risks on the other hand; if costs outweigh benefits then we are less likely to engage in the behavior (and vice versa) Different rewards are valued differently (physical, emotional, psychological); differences are based on the individual These both recognize our cognitive ability to think about our behavior and alternatives But people don’t always follow such behavior based on reward/cost Social Learning Theory - micro Albert Bandura o Three ways we learn: We are explicitly taught things by other ppl (ex. don’t pick up a down power line); not always 100% effective
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System of rewards and punishments Vicarious learning – learning by observing other ppl (need to have some sense of society’s reaction to our own use of other’s situations/experiences) Dramaturgy Erving Goffman Focuses on individuals and their actions w/ each other Compared social interaction to the stage While we are around other ppl, we provide a character to them like an actor
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2010 for the course SOCL 3601 taught by Professor O'neil during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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TEST 1 - TEST1 Sociology 3061 22/02/201014:59:00 Three...

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