globalization - Cultural change and the global crisis The...

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Cultural change and the global crisis The world community is reaching out to every corner of the globe. There are still some uncontacted isolated native groups in a few places of the world, but for the most part every group in the world is now regularly affected by larger world culture. ACCULTURATION: The loss of one’s culture -- generally replaced with another group’s culture Ache Indians thought vehicles were living things and shot arrows at them, Brazilian Indians thought flashlight were alive when they accidentally turned on while touching them, and when they tried to kill them by beating and tossing in fire, the batteries exploding, leading them to conclude that they were hard to kill. Yora Indians looking at Kim Hill’s daughter’s dolls thought they were miniature human beings that had been killed, dried and stuffed. Now all these groups have seen every imaginable modern technology, and they have seen things like snowskiing that they couldn’t imagine before (they had never even imagined snow). Even modern special effects in movies that once seemed like magic (eg. Terminator II), are now understood to simply be simulations by computer. In Mexico Kim Hill watched the same process over a 30 year period, with the Nahuatl of Veracruz. Even back then they had Black Sabbath posters, and sold coca cola in the most remote mountain villages.– Beatles songs 3 days back in the mountains coming from small Indian huts that had no electricity (battery powered radios) and where everyone was monolingual in the Nahuatl language. Now a paved road goes through the remote regions, they have abandoned Indian dress, almost nobody is monolingual and most kids speak little Nahautl. Most males between 20-40 have been to the US. Culture change Much culture change is adaptive. For example, Indians in South America adopted metal tools and shotguns because they were more efficient than stone axes, and bow and arrows. This leads to desire to acquire efficient technology and so whatever is required in order to “pay” for it. Some anthropologists think dependence on outside technology is bad because it leads to a
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loss of autonomy. But we are all dependent on the world market system for our high standard of living. Self sufficiency everywhere is associated with a primitive lifestyle. (American pioneer s even purchased a hugh fraction of their goods– tools, cloth, some foods, firearms, etc). Being able to trade what you can make efficiently for goods that others make efficiently
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2010 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Osbjorn during the Fall '09 term at New Mexico.

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globalization - Cultural change and the global crisis The...

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