Lecture Outline

Lecture Outline - Reminder extra credit 1 pg single space paper on an important anthropologist Include 1 written source NOT from the internet 3

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Reminder: extra credit! 1 pg single space paper on an important anthropologist Include 1 written source, NOT from the internet 3 points possible on FINAL grade Culture Change and the Global Crisis Key Concepts -- these are concepts that would most likely show up on an exam, pay attention for them throughout the lecture! Culture Change Acculturation Globalization Ethnocentrism Anthropology in the Modern World Culture Change Many reasons and ways that cultures can change Drift – like with genetics, small populations move to new places and new behaviors are selected for Diffusion – behaviors or cultural characteristics pass from culture to culture through short term contact Cultural Borrowing – like it sounds, one culture borrows or adopts ideas from another culture and incorporates them into their own Acculturation – More on this to come! Culture Change Is adaptive – this means that cultures change to improve members’ quality of life If new behaviors or technology etc can increase fitness it is possible that it will be incorporated into the culture For example) South American Indians adopted shotguns and steel axes They work better Leads to desire for more efficient technology They are willing to do what is required to obtain these items – enter into a wage labor system or market system Culture Change Some due to culture copying rules not yet well understood Remember there is a human tendency to copy successful individuals This may explain much of rapid change in world culture Especially when combined with benefits of ethnic marking as members of the most successful groups Other groups will want to imitate successful groups, so their cultures will begin to resemble each other This copying behavior led to a homogenization of world culture
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In other words, many cultures around the world are beginning to share more and more common elements Acculturation This is one of the main ways that cultures can change The exchange of cultural features that results when groups come into continuous firsthand contact; the cultural patterns of either or both groups may be changed, but the groups remain distinct This is viewed by some as problematic because they feel people, especially more traditional peoples, “lose” their culture when they come into contact with other cultures, specifically Western culture Acculturation The world is “getting smaller” – this saying is meant to illustrate the ease with which people can move around the world and the behaviors and technologies that are becoming common to every culture in the world Very few if any cultures have no contact with other cultures 55 uncontacted Native populations in Brazil Here are some examples of behaviors by uncontacted native populations as they are first introduced to elements of western culture Ache indians thought vehicles were living things and shot arrows at them Brazilian Indians thought flashlights were alive when they accidentally turned on while touching them, and when they tried to kill them by beating and tossing in
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2010 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Osbjorn during the Fall '09 term at New Mexico.

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Lecture Outline - Reminder extra credit 1 pg single space paper on an important anthropologist Include 1 written source NOT from the internet 3

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