Federalism_01

Federalism_01 - 1. Definitions 2. Origins of Canadian...

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Unformatted text preview: 1. Definitions 2. Origins of Canadian Federalism i. Political ii. Constitutional iii. Judicial 1. Evolution of Canadian Federalism 2. Comparative Federalism Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 Federalism: a system of (territorially) shared sovereignty Unitary State: Sovereignty held by one governing body Britain, Ireland, France, Sweden, Italy Federal State Sovereignty shared among governments Inherent versus delegated sovereignty US, Australia, Brazil, Germany Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 Comparative Federalism Reasons for Federalism 1. An additional check on power This was original Madisonian justification 2. Policy flexibility & sensitivity to local concerns This was more the case in Canada 3. Policy experimentation Historical Origins of Canadian Federalism Two historical origins: i. Province of Canada ii. Atlantic Union 1. The Canadian Situation Canadian (i.e., Province of Canada) politics of 1850s marred by Gridlock (the double majority, failure of Brown-Dorian coalition) Sectarianism (Rebellion Losses, Gavazzi Riots, Corrigan Trial) Sectionalism (Movement of Capital question) Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 Historical Origins of Canadian Federalism 1. The Canadian Situation (cont.) Brown & Reformers sought legislative union & rep by pop Coalition w. Rouge & Dorian fails in 1856 debacle of the Double Shuffle Quebecers demanded sectional equality & religious independence Cartier sees that double-majority principle cannot continue indefinitely Sound economic and security reasons to maintain Union Deadlock resolved by proposal of federalism Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 Historical Origins of Canadian Federalism 1. The Atlantic Union Arthur Gordon (Lt Gov of NB) proposes Atlantic Union Leading Atlantic politicians (Tupper, Tilley, McCully etc.) meet in Charlottetown in 1864 to discuss matter Canadians (Brown, Cartier, Macdonald et. al.) invite themselves and propose wider union Agree to meet at Quebec 1864 Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 Historical Origins of Canadian Federalism 1. The Atlantic Union Arthur Gordon (Lt Gov of NB) proposes Atlantic Union Leading Atlantic politicians (Tupper, Tilley, McCully etc.) meet in Charlottetown in 1864 to discuss matter Canadians (Brown, Cartier, Macdonald et. al.) invite themselves and propose wider union Agree to meet at Quebec 1864 Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 The Quebec Conference, October 1864 Federalism Malcomlson & Myers Chapter 4 The Quebec Conference The best interests and present and future prosperity of British North America will be promoted by a Federal Union under the Crown of Great Britain, provided such Union can be effected on principles just to the several Provinces ....
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Federalism_01 - 1. Definitions 2. Origins of Canadian...

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