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Unformatted text preview: SAP FI Module Introduction Company/Business Area Why and When to use Business Area Why and When to use Business Area Business Areas in SAP are used to differentiate transactions originating from different points/lines/locations in business. Let me give some examples to elucidiate:- A company (say, ABC) is a huge company and has a variety of businesses under it. Let us say that it typically operates in 3 different domains like machinery manufacturing, trading and assembling of machine parts. There are 2 options here now - 1. Either create different company codes for the 3 business operations (which would be the easiest and require no creativity) or 2.) Create each of these business lines into business areas (the better option). The advantages of using the second option is: 1. You can use these business areas if other company codes require the same areas 2. The configuration is simpler as in case of company code, you would require to go through the entire configuration of creating Chart of Accounts, Fiscal Year variants, posting periods variants and so on. In the business area option, you just need to attach it to the company code and the rest of the details in Business area is attached by default from the company code you are using it in. 3. Using the options in controlling (EC-PCA, Enterprise Controlling, Profit Centre Accounting), you can even draw up Balance Sheets and PL statements for your business areas and hence this is used for management accounting in some companies (like HP, Dell, etc) when it wants to know the operating profits for different business areas/lines. The above was an example when the company wanted to separate entries according to the lines it operates in... the other case could be when it wants to find out profitability during its operations in cities and differentiates these cities into Business Areas... Business Areas are not much relevant in FI but are much more relevant in CO. 1) You want the B/S and P/L statements of transactions carried out in areas other than the business areas defined by you? or 2) You only want to view the transactions that were not carried out in any business area? Whatever were your doubts, let me clarify. If your doubt was the first one, then, in that case, the financial statements will not be available. There are reasons for the same. All transactions in FI pass through G/L accounts. The data in FI is then passed to CO through primary cost elements. According to the settings that you have configured for your controlling area and operating concern, the costs are distributed to the various cost centers (Cost Center Accounting & CO-PA). The costs are then apportioned to the various cost centers (which may or may not be a part of your business areas or may be independent cost centers). Now, with this data, financial statements of the business area are drawn up. For transactions not part of business area, they are transferred to independent cost centers (e.g. like Head Office Salaries, HR, etc) and hence, are transferred to independent cost centers (e....
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This note was uploaded on 03/24/2010 for the course IT 0001 taught by Professor Adrew during the Spring '10 term at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College.
- Spring '10