Structural Determinates of Poverty (2)

Structural Determinates of Poverty (2) - Structural...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 3/25/10 Structural Determinates of Poverty The nature of the low wage labor market; unemployment (or: “what happens when work disappears”) housing segregation; The effect of concentrated poverty (Note to early birds downloading these slides: I’ll be adding slides around 9am).
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3/25/10 Items of class business Concerns Advice & Mid-Course Adjustments Anxiety over what will be covered on the exam (hint: if you’ve attended lecture & discussion regularly, you need not be anxious). a) The Study Guide (coming Thurs or Friday); b) Slides covered in class c) Recurring Themes (slides we spent a lot of time on; questions of week / Quiz questions; highlighted readings) The Readings – the quantity & source material is dense / confusing. a) Why include “original source” readings? My view: Classics are good “stepping off’ pts for further study…. NOTE: sometimes the goal is just getting the “drift” of the piece, not every minute element of it. Read, Lecture clears up somewhat, delivers main pts. b) shift some “required” readings to “optional”
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3/25/10 More Business Study Guide:  Summarizes main pts of first 6 weeks of the course Mix of quiz / questions of the week and summary  points  Mostly derived from the lecture slides and  common discussion notes Next Class: a bit more than half the time on a video; the other half on finishing the discussion of “structural” views of poverty & inequality.
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3/25/10 Thinking Structurally about Poverty and  Individual level explanations:  Tend to emphasize variables such as  talents skill development, effort, and personal choices  (re: family formation, pursuit of education,  economic advancement…) Structural level explanations Tend to emphasize variables that  are outside of individuals’  immediate control.  The nature of the labor market  [wage structures, workers’  bargaining power, unemployment (or, the availability of jobs)
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3/25/10 The Low Wage Labor Market Does it meet the basic requirements of social justice? Low Wage Jobs defined (by wages):  The “social inclusion” based definition: jobs that pay less than two-thirds  the median wage [Med=$16.80/hr; thus LW jobs = less than $11.11/hr] of  male workers.  = about one third (33%) of all adult workers The Basic Income based definition: jobs that cannot support a family of  four at a level of poverty rate.  = about one quarter (25%) of all adult workers Low Wage Jobs tend are less likely to have health and  other benefits: 
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3/25/10 Low-Wage Jobs are less likely to provide retirement plans  Only 1 in 3 LWJs have ret bens w employer contribution  (vs.  2/3  middle  range and  4/5  high end jobs ) Low Wage Jobs are less likely to provide paid or unpaid  time off  (vacation, sick days, holidays, family leave).
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Structural Determinates of Poverty (2) - Structural...

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