lecture_#1_notes - Lecture #1 Outline Pharmaceutical...

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Lecture #1 Outline Pharmaceutical Sciences 310 Introduction to Pharmacology: Drugs and Their Actions Lecture #1: What is Pharmacology? lecturer: Paul Marker The goals of this lecture are to familiarize students with the basic concepts of the field of pharmacology. Basic terminology will be introduced, and specific examples will be used to illustrate the types of issues that pharmacology addresses. A historical perspective on the relationship between medical practice and the field of pharmacology will also be presented. I. Pharmacology is the scientific discipline that investigates the interactions between living organisms and drugs. a. Pharmacology has two main areas of focus, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. (1) Pharmacokinetics is the study of what living things (especially the human body) do to drugs. (2) Pharmacodynamics is the study of what drugs do to living things (especially the human body). b. Drugs are chemical substances used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well being. (1) Drugs have been a continuous part of the human experience since before the earliest historical records. (2) The modern field of pharmacology became important for understanding drugs in Western medical practice beginning in the 19 th Century. (3) Many drugs can also act as poisons. Poisons are chemical substances that cause injury, illness, or death in living organisms. Toxicology is the sub-discipline of pharmacology that investigates the adverse effects of poisons, including drugs that can act as poisons, on living things. II. Humans and drugs in the pre-pharmacology era.
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a. Many of the most prevalent recreational drugs in use across the globe became widespread commodities in the pre-pharmacology era including nicotine, caffeine, and ethyl alcohol. (1) Many recreational drugs are consumed as complex plant-derived mixtures and
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2010 for the course PHARM 310 taught by Professor Marker during the Spring '10 term at Wisconsin.

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lecture_#1_notes - Lecture #1 Outline Pharmaceutical...

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