Block5_Review - Block 5 Review HAZMAT Decontamination o...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Block 5 Review HAZMAT Decontamination o Removal of hazardous substances from people and/or equipment to prevent adverse health effect o Physical – involves removal of chemicals o Chemical – changing the hazardous substance into something less harmful o Purposes Reduces the dosage of the material to which pts are exposed Reduces the risk of secondary contamination of rescuers, on-scene personnel, bystanders, hospital staff, families of rescuers and the public o Methods of decontamination Dilution Uses water – universal decon solution May be aided by soap – tincture of green soap Absorption “blotting” up materials with towels Neutralization One substance reduces or eliminates the toxicity of another Isolation/disposal Separating pt. or equipment for hazardous material o Decon decision making Incident management priorities Life safety, incident stabilization, property conservation Modes of operation Fast-break decision making o Involves victims that try to leave scene or approach EMS prior to HAZMAT arrival o Prevent rescuer contamination PPE is priority Avoid exposure – isolate scene and patient Remove pt clothing and wash with water o Risk vs. benefit Consider how critical pt is Consider need for immediate intervention Consider chance of exposure Long-term decision making o Usually when pts. remain in the hot zone and have not self-extricated o Requires HAZMAT response Often takes 60 minutes or more for team deployment
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Advantages Better opportunity for decon Better PPE Less secondary decon Greater environmental consideration More detailed research of substance o Field decontamination Two-step process – usually fast-break decision making Rescuers remove clothing Rescuers wash and rinse pts with soap and water. Repeat the process, allowing fluid to drain away. Special attention to difficult areas: scalp, hair, ears, nostrils, etc. Eight-step process – takes place in complete decon corridor Rescuer enter decon area at the hot end of the corridor and mechanically remove contaminants from the victims Rescuers drop equipment in a tool-drop area and remove outer gloves Decon personnel shower and scrub all victims and rescuers. Dilution is contained Rescuers remove and isolate SCBA. Dons new SCBA for re-entry Rescuers remove and isolate PPE. Rescuers remove all personal clothing. Remove victims’ clothing. Isolate in plastic bags and label for later disposal Rescuers and victims receive full-body washing, using soft scrub brushes or spones, water, and mild soap or detergent. Cleaning tools are bagged for disposal Pts. receive rapid assessment and stabilization before transported. EMS medically monitors rescuers, complete exposure records, and transport rescuers to hospitals Nerve Agents o Chemicals that inhibit the degradation of a neurotransmitter (acetylcholine) and quickly facilitate a nervous system overload
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/25/2010 for the course PAR 100 taught by Professor Alan during the Spring '10 term at Miramar College.

Page1 / 24

Block5_Review - Block 5 Review HAZMAT Decontamination o...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online