Chapter8StudyGuide

Chapter8StudyGuide - system exerts its effects through the...

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Chapter 8 Study Guide Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP): a high-energy compound present in all cells, especially muscle cells; when split by enzyme action in yield energy. Energy is stored in ATP Genitourinary System: consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. It is important in the elimination of various waste products. It also plays a major role in the regulation of water, electrolytes, blood pressure, and other essential body functions. Endocrine System: is the control system closely associated with the nervous system. It consist of the pituitary gland, pineal gland, pancreas, testes, ovaries, adrenal gland, thyroid gland, and parathyroid glands. There is evidence that other organs- such as the heart, kidney, and intestines-have endocrine functions. As noted earlier, the endocrine
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Unformatted text preview: system exerts its effects through the release of chemical messengers called hormones. Lymphatic System: often considered a part of the cardiovascular system. It consists of the spleen, lymph nodes, lymphatic channels, thoracic ducts, and the lymph fluid itself. Is important in the fighting of disease, in filtration, and in removing waste products of cellular metabolism. Anatomy: the structure of an organism; body structure Physiology: the functions of an organism; the physical and chemical processes of a living thing. Negative Feedback: body mechanisms that work to reverse, or compensate for, a path pathophysiological process (or to reverse any physiological process, whether pathological or nonpathological). Control Systems: Endocrine and Nervous Systems...
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