Tak_s3.2ReviewwithEXPLANATIONS - Little bit about influenza...

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Little bit about influenza virus/comon cold Influenza- disease caused by a group of viruses. Prevention effective, vigorous hand washing with soap and warm water after a pt contact is the most important personal precaution against disease transmission. Define cellur immunity Cell that direct attack antigens also called cell mediated . They do not form antibodies. Diabetic osmotic diuresis Osmotic diuresis-greatly increased urination and dehydration that results when high levels of glucose cannot be reabsorbed into the blood from the kidney tubules and the osmotic pressure of the glucose in the tubules also prevents water absorbtion. Glucagons specific Glycogenolysis - the breakdown of glycogen to glucose, primarily by liver cells. Glyconeogenesis – conversion of protein and fat to form glucose. Glycogen – the complex carbohydrate glycogen is the source for much of the blood glucose produced between meals Abdominal pain Hep a – fecal –oral route goes with hep e Hep b- tx through blood bourne infected blood ranges from 1.9 to 4.0 percent and by needle stick from 5-35%. Hep c – tx from iv drug abuse and sexual contact. Is also known as non a and non b . Hep d – is called delta hepatitis goes with hep b Hep e- associated with contaminated water goes with hep a Pancreatitis –inflamation of the pancreas seen in alcholic pt. pain localized to the left upper quadrant or mar radiate to the back Cholecystitis- inflammation of the gallblader. Can be chronic or acute. Stones travel down the cystic ducts lodging in the comman bile ducts. They obstuct the flow of bile then inflammation and irratation results. Skin pale, cool and clammy. If peritonitis
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occurs skins may be warm due to increased blood flow. Nausea and vomiting are comman Gastroenteritis Acute gastroenteritis- sudden onset of inflammation of the stomach and intestines. Also known as food poisoning and 24 stomach flu. Fever , nausea, vomiting and general malaise. Due to dehydration , if severe chest pain and dysrrhythmias may occur. Chronic gastroenteritis- non acute inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Gyn & ob Placentia previa- abnormal implatation of the placentia on the lower half of the uterine wall ,resulting in partial or complete coverage of the cerviacal opening. S/s vaginal bleeding mey be intermittent occurs after 7 th month of pregnancy.this pulls the the placenta away from the uterine wall causing bright red bleeding. Abruptio placentae – premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall. Rx if in shock materanial hypertension, trauma, cocaine use, increased material age, and hx of abruption. Two large bore iv and left lateral position. S/s sudden sharp tearing pain and stiff like abdomen. Preeclampsia-
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2010 for the course PAR 100 taught by Professor Alan during the Spring '10 term at Miramar College.

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Tak_s3.2ReviewwithEXPLANATIONS - Little bit about influenza...

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