ch11 - Chapter11 Topics MaterialsIncidents Terminology...

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Chapter 11 Hazardous Materials Incidents
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    Topics § The Role of the Paramedic in Hazardous  Materials Incidents § Incident Size-up and Hazard Recognition § Terminology § Toxicology Review § Decontamination  § Equipment
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    A hazardous materials emergency can involve countless  substances and can occur in many situations. Warning  placards on a truck should immediately alert you to the  possible need of a “hazmat” team.
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    A hazardous material is any substance  that causes adverse health effects upon  human exposure.
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    Generally  paramedics do not perform  containment and control  functions at a  hazmat response.
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    Hazmat Standards  § OSHA publication CFR 1910.120 § EPA regulation 40 CFR 311 § NFPA standard 473 Setts training standards
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    Levels of Training § Awareness level Recognition Minimum level of training for all personnel § EMS Level I (operations level) Patient care in cold zone First responder Operations (FPO) § EMS Level II (technician level) Patient care in warm zone
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    Incident Size-up § Priorities for a hazmat incident are the same  as for any other major incident. Life safety Incident stabilization Property conservation
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    Incident Awareness § Every emergency site has the potential to be  a hazmat incident. Vehicle Accidents Private Residents Industrial Buildings Grocery Stores Know your environment!
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    Don’t take any chances.   Use binoculars to make a  visual inspection of potentially hazardous situations —such  as a suspicious storage tank—from a safe  distance.
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    Hazardous Materials Areas § Transportation Roadways, railways, waterways § Fixed facilities Labs, manufacturing plants, farms § Terrorism WMD’s § ANFO § Chemical weapons § Biological weapons
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    Transportation incidents involving  hazardous materials
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    Do not rule out the presence of a  hazardous material at an MVC just  because you do not see a placard.
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    Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) § Chemical, biological, or nuclear devices  used by terrorists to strike at government or  high-profile targets § Designed to create a maximum number of  casualties
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    Potential Terrorist Targets § Public buildings § Multinational headquarters § Shopping centers § Workplaces § Sites of assembly
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    At terrorist incidents, remember that a secondary device may exist!
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    Hazardous Materials Recognition § Two systems: Placards Fixed facilities
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    Placards § Many vehicles are required to carry  placards, but the absence of one doesn’t  mean there is not a hazard.
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