ch11 - Chapter 11 Hazardous Materials Incidents Topics §...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 11 Hazardous Materials Incidents Topics § The Role of the Paramedic in Hazardous Materials Incidents § Incident Size-up and Hazard Recognition § Terminology § Toxicology Review § Decontamination § Equipment A hazardous materials emergency can involve countless substances and can occur in many situations. Warning placards on a truck should immediately alert you to the possible need of a “hazmat” team. A hazardous material is any substance that causes adverse health effects upon human exposure. Generally paramedics do not perform containment and control functions at a hazmat response. Hazmat Standards § OSHA publication CFR 1910.120 § EPA regulation 40 CFR 311 § NFPA standard 473  Setts training standards Levels of Training § Awareness level  Recognition  Minimum level of training for all personnel § EMS Level I (operations level)  Patient care in cold zone  First responder Operations (FPO) § EMS Level II (technician level)  Patient care in warm zone Incident Size-up § Priorities for a hazmat incident are the same as for any other major incident.  Life safety  Incident stabilization  Property conservation Incident Awareness § Every emergency site has the potential to be a hazmat incident.  Vehicle Accidents  Private Residents  Industrial Buildings  Grocery Stores  Know your environment! Don’t take any chances. Use binoculars to make a visual inspection of potentially hazardous situations —such as a suspicious storage tank—from a safe distance. Hazardous Materials Areas § Transportation  Roadways, railways, waterways § Fixed facilities  Labs, manufacturing plants, farms § Terrorism  WMD’s § ANFO § Chemical weapons § Biological weapons Transportation incidents involving hazardous materials Do not rule out the presence of a hazardous material at an MVC just because you do not see a placard. Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) § Chemical, biological, or nuclear devices used by terrorists to strike at government or high-profile targets § Designed to create a maximum number of casualties Potential Terrorist Targets § Public buildings § Multinational headquarters § Shopping centers § Workplaces § Sites of assembly At terrorist incidents, remember that a secondary device may exist! Hazardous Materials Recognition § Two systems:  Placards  Fixed facilities Placards § Many vehicles are required to carry placards, but the absence of one doesn’t mean there is not a hazard....
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2010 for the course PAR 100 taught by Professor Alan during the Spring '10 term at Miramar College.

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ch11 - Chapter 11 Hazardous Materials Incidents Topics §...

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