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Intelligence - Intelligence Chap 10 Intelligence(Itl What...

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Intelligence Chap 10
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Intelligence (Itl) – What is it Hard to define Performance on a standardized test? Social intelligence? What about something like mapping? Adaptive
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Definitions of Itl There are at least 25 accepted defs of Itl There are some commonalities Involves some aspect of cognition Ultimately, how smart/dumb someone is depends on definition of Itl
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Psychometrics Means “to measure mind” Believed Itl was hereditary Designed tests Visual acuity RT to sound Noticed that there were relationships between scores on various tests.
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Charles Spearman Factor analysis- measures correlations between test scores Allowed Psych to study Itl in systematic ways If you know how someone scores on one set of tests, you can make a prediction on how they will do on another. Ex: athletic ability
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g g = General Itl Underlies or contributes to performance on a variety of tests Compare where you fell on a standardized test (ST) to where the general population fell.
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Hierarchical Models Suggest that there are several diff types of Itl Thurstone – Uncovered evidence for 7 “primary mental abilities” Good verbal reasoning ≠ good memory
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Hierarchical Models
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Fluid & Crystallized Itl Suggests that g has 2 parts Fluid – natural abilities Solve problems reason remember
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Fluid & Crystallized Itl Crystallized – Acquired abilities School Culture experience Culturally variable
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Multiple Intelligences M(Itl) Gardner’s Approach Albert Einstein Don King
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M(Itl) Howard Gardner Used case study approach Looked at people w/ exceptional abilities I dentified 8 different intelligences
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M(Itl) Musical intelligence – displayed by gifted musicians and prodigies Bodily-kinesthetic Itl- shown by dancers, athletes, & surgeons- high degree of bodily control
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M(Itl) Logical-Mathematical Itl- superior scientists and logical problem solvers Linguistic Itl – shown by great writers and poets who can express themselves verbally
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