Out of Many 186-231

Out of Many 186-231 - Revolutionary Politics in the States-...

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Unformatted text preview: Revolutionary Politics in the States- A New Democratic Ideology o Mass meetings in which ordinary people expressed their opinions, votes, gained political experience common everywhere o Dramatic shift in the content of political debate o Tory position: colonial governments were convenient instruments of royal prerogative o Whig: need for a government balancing power of a governor with an upper house and an assembly o At Revolution, Tory position lost, Whig position challenged by ordinary people- The First State Constitutions o New England pamphlet of 1776: The People the Best Governors State government necessary only for coordination among communities People govern themselves o Conservative Americans said we needed balanced government Should be checked by a strong executive and an upper house o 14 states adopted their own constitutions - Declarations of Rights o George Mason wrote Declaration of Rights Virginia All men are equally free, Sovereignty resided in people Government servant of people People had the right to reform, alter, or abolish government o Free speech, free assembly, right to petition, o Declerations were precedents for the bill of Rights- The Spirit of Reform o Men and single women could vote in NJ o After revolution, evidence of sympathy in courts for womens rights o Abigail Adamss letters to husband o Jefferson introduced bill in VA abolishing entail and primogeniture o Jeffersons Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom o Some states disestablished Anglican Church, some kept it, o Jefferson and Revolutionary generation more successful at raising questions than at accomplishing reforms- African Americans and the Revolution o American victory guaranteed continuation of slavery o Many slaves fled during, including 17 from GWs Mount Vernon plantation o Most fought for Loyalists o Washington agonized over morality of slavery along with others o Many VAians granted freedom to their slaves o Free black population grew o African churches grew o Had African schools, o Vermont was the first state to abolish slavery in the state constitution, then Massachusetts, New Hampshire, o Some African American writers rose, some born free and received education The New Nation 1786-1800 A Rural Massachusetts Community Rises in Defense of Liberty- Farmers of Pelham gathered at the courthouse in Northampton, arrived in military formation- Country was in an economic depression- 2/3 men sued for dept, 1/3 men and all officers were veterans- New tax was more oppressive than British taxes- Called Shays Rebellion- Government worried that rebellion threatened to break out everywhere- Leaders saw it as a conflict pitting poor against rich, debtor against creditor- Both well-to-do and poor people rebelled- Ended when militia force raised by the white shirts marched west and crushed the Shaysites- Daniel Shays fled- Many rebels were executed yet many considered it a success because new...
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This note was uploaded on 03/25/2010 for the course HIST h105 taught by Professor Heath during the Summer '09 term at Indiana Kokomo.

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Out of Many 186-231 - Revolutionary Politics in the States-...

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