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Out of Many 279-301 - The Growth of Democracy American...

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The Growth of Democracy American Communities - A Political Community Replaces Deference with Democracy o PA enfranchised all taxpayer men, enabling many of Philadelphia’s skilled workers to vote, but they were willing to follow leadership of city’s political elite o Most states limited vote to property owners o Market Revolution transformed the economy o Members of urban workers’ associations realize that their own economic interests were different from those of the owners in 1820s o 1827: William Heighton and his fellow workers banded together, formed their own political party, Philadelphia Working Men’s Party formed in 1828 o Voted for Andrew Jackson for president, he was untraditional o Jackson paid attention to PWMP’s attack on the banking system, Jackson understood and shared their view, refused to renew charter of the BUS, instigated the Bank War o PWMP didn’t last long, absorbed into Jackson’s Democratic Party The New Democratic Politics in North America - Struggles Over Popular Rights: Mexico, The Caribbean, Canada o In 1821, Mexico achieved independence from Spain, declared itself a constitutional monarchy that promised equality for everyone, but initial unity under Colonel Agustin de Iturbide was short-lived o Iturbide reigned as Emperor until military junta overtrew him and executed him as a traitor, followed by series of weak presidents o Strongest of early presidents: General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, dictatorial, centralized power for 20 years, survived loss of TX and other northern provinces to the US o Independence of Haiti in 1804 set pattern for events in many other Caribbean islands
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o Independence destroyed sugar industry, freed slaves o Spanish Cuba: sugar production increased b/c slavery remained legal until 1880 o Upper and Lower Canada rebelled against the limited representative government that the British government had imposed in the constitutional Act of 1791 o British government refused to recognize French Canadian demand for their own political voice o Britain abolished local govt of LC and joined it to UC o Lord Durham announced the purpose of union was to end ethnic enmity between British and French - The Expansion and Limates of Suffrage o Most new states extended the right to vote to all white males over the age of 21 o TN and OH entered w/ low taxpayer qualifications, approached universal suffrage o By 1840, more than 90% white adult men in US could vote o In 5 NE states free AA men could vote, in the rest of the N states, only AA affluent property owners o Most western states didn’t allow them to vote o Other western states denied them entry into the state o Free black men couldn’t vote in South o AA men couldn’t vote b/c of racism o Women couldn’t vote b/c of tradition o Upper class women still played informal roles in national politics - The Election of 1824 o Five Republican candidates ran
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o Andrew Jackson won, though he was not taking seriously at first, JQA runner- up, but neither had an electoral majority so House had to pick, like in election of 1800 o
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