Out of Many 362-389

Out of Many 362-389 - The Territorial Expansion of the...

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The Territorial Expansion of the United States 1830s-1850s American Communities - Texans and Tejanos “Remember the Alamo!” o Texans held the mission fortress known as the Alamo for 13 days against a siege by Mexican troops o Santa Anna came north to subdue rebellious Texas and to place it under central authority o Crushing defeat for the Texans o Tejanos fought for Texas o The Mexican state was politically and socially unstable during these first years after its successful revolt against Spain in 1821 o Texas didn’t have the benefits of statehood o In April, Texas won independence o Tejanos played an important political role in the new Republic of Texas as first. o American population increased later. This period led to hostility and racial prejudice. o Then, the native community had been removed or isolated. American settlers developed an anti-Mexican passion. Americans treated Tejanos and Mexicans horribly. o For Americans, westward expansion has always meant the establishment of American communities in new territory. Exploring the West - By 1840, they had occupied all land east of Mississippi River and had organized all of it into states, except FL and Wisconsin. - Rapid expansion caused by the market revolution and the expansion of transportation and commerce - The Fur Trade
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o Important spur to exploration on the North American continent o Flourished from 1670s o Traders and trappers for both companies depended on the goodwill and cooperation of the native peoples of the region. o American companies weren’t able to challenge British dominance of fur trade until 1820s o Rocky Mountain Fur Company instituted “rendezvous” system, yearly trade fair o Rendezvous was a boisterous, polyglot, many-day affair at which trappers of many nationalities gatherd to trade, drink, and gamble o Most American trappers sought accommodation and friendship with Indians o One African American trapper even became a Crow chief o American fur trade was short-lived - Government-Sponsored Exploration o Lewis and Clark expedition set a precedent for many government-financed quasi-military expeditions o Results of surveys were published by government, complete with maps, illustrations, and after the Civil War, photographs o Mapped and plotted the West for settlement according to the Land Ordinance of 1785 o Sold western public lands at low prices - Expansion and Indian Policy o While American artists were painting the way of life of western Indians, eastern Indian tribes were being removed from their homelands to Indian Territory o In 1854, the government abolished the northern half of Indian Territory o The southern Indian Territory tribes organized their territory, societies weren’t too different from American societies
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The Politics of Expansion - Expansion reinforced Americans’ sense of themselves as pioneering people - Manifest Destiny, An Expansionist Ideology o According to O’Sullivan, Americans had a God-given right to bring the benefits of American democracy to other, more backward peoples by force, if
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Out of Many 362-389 - The Territorial Expansion of the...

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