Revolution_Constitution_Terms

Revolution_Constitution_Terms - 1 tradition of neglect...

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1. tradition of neglect – 50yrs after the glorious revolution 2. Robert Walpole – first modern prime minister; refrained from strict enforcement of navigation act; believed relaxed trading restrictions would stimulate commerce 3. Board of Trade and Plantation- established 1696; advisory body w/ little role in actual decisions 4. Privy Council- real authority; admiralty and treasury; responsible for laws at home and over seas 5. Albany Plan- unite the colonies; unsuccessful 6. Seven Years' War- French and English struggle btwn dominance in world trade; raised tension btwn colonists and the English 7. King William's War – 1689- 1697; produced few clashes btwn French and English 8. Queen Anne's War- 1701; nearly 12 yrs; more substantial conflict; border fighting with Spaniards and French and NA 9. Treaty of Utrecht – brought Anne’s wars to an end; 1713; transferred substantial French territories (nova Scotia, Newfoundland) to the English 10. King George's War – 1744- 1748; England, Austria (Netherlands) ↔ France, Prussia 11. Fort Duquesne – large French outpost; in now Pittsburg 12. three phases of war – 1754- 1756 (1 st phase) 13. William Pitt – 1775; English secretary of state; brought F+I war under British control; appointed military commanders 14. Siege of Quebec – marked the beginning of the end of the F +I war; 15. Peace of Paris – singed in 1763; French gave Britain some of the west Indies islands, and Indian colonies and all the land on the east side of the Mississippi river except new Orleans; gave all land west of the Mississippi river to Spain 16. George III – in power 1760 after the death of his grandfather; determined to be an active and responsible monarch; created a coalition of his own in parliament through bribes, suffered from a disease that produced bouts of insanity; immature; was 22 when ascended the throne; 17. George Grenville – prime minister 1763; brother in law of William Pitt; not sympathetic to America; 18. Proclamation of 1763 – forbid settlers from settling beyond the Appalachian mts; allowed London rather than the provincial governments to control movement of white population 19. Sugar Act of 1764 – designed to eliminate illegal sugar trade; raised tax on sugar; lowered tax on molasses; established new vice admiralty courts in America 20. Currency Act of 1764 – required colonies to stop issuing paper money and retire all paper money in circulation; 21. Stamp Act of 1765 – imposed tax on most printed documents 22. Paxton Boys – demanded relief from colonial (not British) tax and money to help defend them from the NA 23. Regulator Movement – 1771, small-scale civil war in north Carolina; farmers in upland opposing high taxes on local sheriffs; unrepresented; battle of Alamance; 6 hung for treason 24. written/unwritten constitutions – unwritten: (English) distributing power among society ( monarch, aristocrats, common people) dangerous; not set in stone- changeable; written: permanent, basic
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Revolution_Constitution_Terms - 1 tradition of neglect...

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