Wk5 - Jenna Yu SOCI 101 002 Week 5 Reading Notes Macionis...

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Jenna Yu 9/21/09 SOCI 101 002 Week 5 Reading Notes Macionis, “Theory Overview”. Theory—a statement of how and why specific facts are related; a sociological theory explains social behavior in the real world by using scientific research Suicide o Emile Durkheim’s theory on suicide: densely populated areas have low suicidal rates and people live far apart have high rate of suicides. Framework for building of a theory: sociologists use a theoretical paradigm—a basic image of society that guides thinking and research; 3 major ones: 1. structural-functional paradigm —sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability; identify structures of society and investigate their functions (Comte, Spencer, and Durkheim) suggest any relatively stable social behavior pattern; social structure looks for consequences for the operation of the society as a whole; social function o Robert Merton expanded the conception of social function manifest functions—the recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern; and latent functions—unrecognized and unintended social pattern social patterns affect male/females differently social structure is not always useful; social dysfunctions—a social pattern’s undesirable consequences for the operation of society 2. social-conflict paradigm—sees society as an arena of inequality that produce conflicts
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2010 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Na during the Fall '10 term at University of North Carolina Wilmington.

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Wk5 - Jenna Yu SOCI 101 002 Week 5 Reading Notes Macionis...

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