wk15 - Jenna Yu November 30, 2009 Soci 101 Wk 15 Reading...

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Jenna Yu November 30, 2009 Soci 101 Wk 15 Reading Notes Weber, Max. “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.” Mapping The Social Landscape. P. 504-511. Institution of religion affects social institutions. Weber argues that the early Protestant worldviews of Calvinism and Puritanism were important factors that influenced the development of a capitalist economic system. o Puritan religious ideas had had a major influence on the development of economic order in Europe and United States; they were not the only factor (others included the rationalism in scientific pursuit, merging observation with mathematics. Modern capitalistic enterprise would not be possible without 2 factors: first, the separation of business from the household; secondly, rational bookkeeping (fixed capital and certainty of calculations). Capitalism in northern Europe evolved when the Protestant (particularly Calvinist) ethic influenced large numbers of people to engage in work in the secular world, developing their own enterprises and engaging in trade and the accumulation of wealth for investment. o The Protestant ethic was a force behind an unplanned and uncoordinated mass action that influenced the development of capitalism. Certain types of Protestantism favored rational pursuit of economic gain and it is believed to have positive spiritual and moral meaning. It was not the goal of those religious ideas, but
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wk15 - Jenna Yu November 30, 2009 Soci 101 Wk 15 Reading...

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