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Environmental - study guide 1st half of the semester

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CHEE 454 Spring 2010 G. H. Geiger Study Questions – Environmental 1. The Clean Air Act is a federal law that requires state implementation. What does that mean? That means that every state is responsible for creating State Implementation Planes (SIP) to attain the goals specified in that Act and get it approved. 2. Who decides if an SIP is adequate? The EPA decides if a SIP is adequate. 3. What sources of air emissions are regulated? Stationary and Mobile sources are regulated. 4. What are the six “criteria” pollutants that are regulated under NAAQS? Sulfur Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Ozone, Particulates & Lead 5. What are “hazardous” air pollutants? How are they defined? Hazardous Air Pollutants are chemicals which can cause adverse effects to human health or the environment. Hazardous air pollutants “may reasonably be anticipated to result  in an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible illness”. 6. What are NESHAPS? National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants 7. Where does a Non-attainment Program apply? A Non-attainment Program applies where the primary or secondary NAAQS for a criteria pollutant are not met. 8. Where does a PSD program apply? A Prevention of Significant Deterioration program applies in areas that have better air quality than required by NAAQS. 9. What are New Source Performance Standards? The New Source Performance Standards cover the pollutants that do not meet the size thresholds of PSD or nonattainment areas, and pollutants other than criteria pollutants. The NSPSs are set at a level which reflect the degree of emissions achievable through the application of Best System of emission reduction that has been demonstrated.
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10. What is BACT? Best Available Control Technology 11. When in a project does a construction permit have to be issued? Pre-construction 12. Does a NESHAP apply to removal of asbestos from a building? Yes 13. When are MACT standards imposed? Maximum degree of reduction in emissions (MACT) standards are imposed for technology-based standards (amount of pollution reduction within an industry’s economic and technological capability) for HAPs 14. What is defined as a Major Source?
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