Behaviorism and Social Theory

Behaviorism and Social Theory - 3/26/10 Behaviorism and...

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3/26/10 Behaviorism and Social Theory
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3/26/10 Early Behaviorism Some of the most critical experiences can be classified under the headings of: – Classical Conditioning = pairing of a natural (unconditioned) with a neutral (conditioned) stimulus. – Operant Conditioning = strengthening of a pattern of learned behavior through reinforcement. – Extinction = gradual decrease and eventual disappearance of a conditioned response when it is no longer paired with an unconditional stimulus. Through adequate control of the environment, you could make people whatever you
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3/26/10 Classical Conditioning Major concepts – Classical conditioning is Stimulus (S) elicits >Response (R) conditioning since the antecedent stimulus (singular) causes (elicits) the reflexive or involuntary response to occur. Classical conditioning starts with a reflex: an innate, involuntary behavior elicited or caused by an antecedent environmental event. For example, if air is blown into your eye, you blink. You have no voluntary or conscious control over whether the blink occurs or not. The specific model for classical conditioning is: Unconditioned Stimulus (US) elicits > Unconditioned Response (UR): a stimulus will naturally (without learning) elicit or
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Behaviorism and Social Theory - 3/26/10 Behaviorism and...

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