2- Concept of Culture Cultural Factors

2- Concept of Culture Cultural Factors - HP400 Lecture 1:...

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HP400 Lecture 1: Culture
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Focus in this class In this course we will look at health across the globe. Consider chronic illnesses Culturally associated protective factors and risk factors of illness How cultural attributes have an impact on health and illness?
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Kenya - Ariaal women at market
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Borneo - Asik, head of a Penan nomad tribe
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Bolivia - Chipayan farmers on traditional round hut
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China - Yak herder, Qinghai region
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Mexico - Tarascan girl in cemetery on Day of the Dead
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Mexico - islands of Janitzio girl in cemetery on Day of the Dead
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What is culture? A set of guidelines which tells us how to view the world, how to experience it emotionally, and how to behave in it. These guidelines are transmitted from one generation to another by the use of language, symbols, art, and rituals.
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Other definitions: “knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society” - Taylors, 1981 “systems of shared ideas, systems of concepts and rules and meanings that underlie and are expressed in the ways that human beings live” - Keesing
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Culture and disease Cultural factors are important in contributing to disease, causing disease, or as protection against disease
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Culture influences many aspects of our lives, including: beliefs behaviors perceptions emotions language religion rituals family structure diet dress body image concepts of space & time attitudes toward illness pain & other forms of misfortune
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Cultural definitions of anatomy and physiology Shape Size Age Gender Social status Body gestures
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Cultural definitions of anatomy and physiology Belief about shape and size Belief about boundaries of the body Belief about body’s inner structure Belief about how body functions
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What are some of the categories of minorities in the US? religious ethnic tourists foreign students recent immigrants political refugees migrant workers
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What is acculturation? The process by which individuals will incorporate some of the cultural attributes of the larger society. There are different degrees of acculturation and ways to assess the extent of acculturation.
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Important points to remember Cultures are not homogenous Avoid generalization Social and economic context should be considered
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What is epidemiology? Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in human populations. The goal of epidemiological studies is to discover factors that cause illness.
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Approaches used in epidemiological studies: Case control - study of a population suffering from a disease (e.g. smoking & lung cancer). Correlational studies.
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2010 for the course HP 400m at USC.

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2- Concept of Culture Cultural Factors - HP400 Lecture 1:...

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