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13- HIV_International_Perspective

13- HIV_International_Perspective - HIV/AIDS...

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HIV/AIDS:  International Perspective Author: Paula H. Palmer PhD
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EPIDEMIOLOGY
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Global Global AIDS epidemic  AIDS epidemic  1990 1990 2003   2003   0 10 20 30 40 50 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Millions Number of people living with HIV and AIDS 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 Year % HIV prevalence  adult (15-49) Source:   UNAIDS/WHO, 2004 Number of people living with HIV and AIDS % HIV prevalence, adult (15-49) 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic (Fig 1)
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AT RISK POPULATIONS IDUs ( IDU , Injecting Drug Users).   Commercial sex workers, Truck drivers Blood donors MSM   (Men Who Have Sex With Men)   Heterosexuals Unborn Increasingly many segments of the population
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HIV/AIDS in Selected Areas
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North America Epidemic started in late 1970s and early  1980s 980,000 living with HIV/AIDS 45,000 newly infected with HIV 0.6% Adult prevalence rate Main modes of transmission: Men having sex with men Injection Drug Use Heterosexual sex *UNAIDS/WHO
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Caribbean
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