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CompletedStudyGuide#2 - 12 Frances Moulders analysis of...

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12. Frances Moulder’s analysis of Chinese and Japanese Modernization She was a world economist She believed the reasons for change were caused by external sources Internal sources were the same Moulder on Traditional Society Theorists Regard underdevelopment of China and other underdeveloped countries from societal and cultural traditions They failed to encourage change in these areas (Japan was the exception) Moulder on World Economy Theorists World economy set up to benefit the West because nonwestern countries were used as satellites for resources Decentralization in China Centralization in Japan 13. The causes of the Cultural Revolution in China Time period: 1966-1976 Great Leap Forward (3 years of famine) Mau wanted to gain back power (personal reason) Effort to renew the spirit of revolution Revolution to prevent China from abandoning socialism Peoples Republic of China (PRC) founded from spirit of revolution Purge anticommunists Mau wanted to show the Soviet Union that the Chinese model of communism could succeed 15. The main theme(s) of “River Elegy” China fell from world power to lagging behind the West Why did China lag behind? Because they were isolated (Great Wall) Because they lacked technology Because of rapid population growth Because of the attitude held by the government an the emperor They viewed China as the center of the universe and therefore it was difficult for them to accept outside ideas and influences Symbolism China = Yellow West = Blue Yellow must learn from blue Who can communicate with the blue ocean? o Intellectuals Relied too much on past innovations instead of moving forward
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16. Zhou Enlai Prior to 1949 (the Peoples Republic of China was founded in 1949) High official in the CCP Was the spokesman who talked to the KMT to establish the United Fronts Endured the Long March Endured the Sino Japanese War After 1949 Was the Premier of the PRC Endured the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution Acted as a moderator Tried to protect the people from being persecuted His power was not as strong as Mao’s He did not accomplish much He was too tolerant and not brave enough to stand up to Mao He supported Mao He died in 1976 He was loved by all Chinese 18. Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party, also called the KMT) Conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan It was organized shortly after the Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew the Quing Dynasty in China KMT fought the Beiyang warlords and the CCP for control of the country before its retreat to Taiwan in 1949 Sun Yat-sen founded the party iin 1912 as a democratic and moderate socialist party His political theory was adopted in 1924 (three main principles) Nationalism Democracy The livelihood of the people
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