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Unformatted text preview: Binomial Nomenclature- The part format of the scientific name of an organism- The binomial name consists of 1. Genus and species 2. These are always written in a different font(e.g., italics) 3. Genus is always capitalized; species is always lowercase 4. e.g. Homo sapiens Hierarchical Classification- Linnaeus also introduced the system for grouping species in increasingly broad catergories- K eep P ipes C lean OF G aS- K indly P rofessors C annot O ften F ail G ood S tudents Classification- Kingdom(animalia)- Phylum(Chordata)- Class(Mammalia)- Order(Primates)- Family(Hominidae)- Genus( Homo )- Species( H. sapiens ) Linking Classification & Phylogeny- Systematists depict evolutionary relationships in branching phylogenetic trees- Each branch point (node) represents the divergence of two species- Deeper branch points represent greater amounts of divergence- Lines represent lineages Concept 26.2: Phylogenies are inferred from morphological and molecular data Morphological & Molecular Homologies...
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- Spring '08